Page 3 of 4 FirstFirst 1234 LastLast
Results 41 to 60 of 68

Thread: Places Pack

  1. #41
    VW Golf 5 Dytzu's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2008
    Location
    iN GoLf
    Posts
    1,573
    Blog Entries
    12

    Default

    FAMAGUSTA (Cyprus): once a top tourist destination, now a ghost town



    Varosha is a settlement in the unrecognised Republic of Northern Cyprus. Prior to the 1974 Turkish invasion of Cyprus, it was the modern tourist area of the city of Famagusta. For the last three decades, it has been left as a ghost town. In the 1970s, the city was the number one tourist destination in Cyprus. To cater to the increasing number of tourists, many new high-rise buildings and hotels were constructed.

    When the Turkish Army gained control of the area during the war, they fenced it off and have since refused admittance to anyone except Turkish military and United Nations personnel. The Annan Plan had provided for the return of Varosha to Greek Cypriot control, but this never happened, as the plan was rejected by Greek Cypriot voters. As no repairs have been carried out for 34 years, all of the buildings are slowly falling apart. Nature is reclaiming the area, as metal corrodes, windows break, and plants work their roots into the walls and pavements. Sea turtles have been seen nesting on the deserted beaches.

    By 2010, the Turkish Cypriot administration of the de-facto Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus plan to reopen Varosha to tourism and the city will be populated as one of the most influential cities in the north of the island.


    AGDAM (Azerbaijan): once a 150,000 city of people, now lost



    The eerie city of Agdam, Azerbaijan was once a thriving city of 150,000 people. It was lost in 1993 during the Nagorno Karabakh war; though the city was never the setting of combat, it fell victim to vandalism while occupied by Armenians. The buildings are gutted and empty, with only the graffiti-covered mosque remaining intact. Agdam residents have moved to other areas of Azerbaijan, as well as into Iran.


  2. #42
    VW Golf 5 Dytzu's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2008
    Location
    iN GoLf
    Posts
    1,573
    Blog Entries
    12

    Default

    World's Most Creative Buildings


    The Basket Building (United States)





    What started out as a dream by Dave Longaberger, Founder of The Longaberger Company, has been built Home Office into a giant basket to house the entire corporate offices of the company. Dave believed the idea was one of his best and would draw attention to the company, while simultaneously helping to build our brand. However, when he started spreading the idea of building a Home Office that was really a basket, he found that most people just thought that Dave was making a joke as Dave was a notorious practical joker. Not only did the bankers, architects and construction companies not take Dave seriously, neither did many of the employees who worked for The Longaberger Company, but Dave persevered. The dream was achieved on December 17, 1997 when the Home Office that is designed to resemble a basket finally opened for business.


    The Dancing House (Czech Republic)




    The Dancing House is the nickname given to an office building in downtown Prague, Czech Republic. It was designed by Croatian-born Czech architect Vlado Milunic in co-operation with Canadian architect Frank Gehry on a vacant riverfront plot (where the previous building had been destroyed during the Bombing of Prague in 1945). The construction started in 1994 and was finished in 1996.

    The very non-traditional design was controversial at the time. Czech president Vaclav Havel, who lived for decades next to the site, had supported it, hoping that the building would become a center of cultural activity. Originally named Fred and Ginger (after Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers - the house vaguely resembles a pair of dancers) the house stands out among the Neo-Baroque, Neo-Gothic and Art Nouveau buildings for which Prague is famous.



    On the roof is a French restaurant with magnificent views of the city. The building's other tenants include several multinational firms. (The plans for a cultural center were not realized.) Because it is situated next to a very busy road it depends on forced air circulation, making the interior somewhat less pleasant for its occupants.


    The Piano House (China)



    This unique piano house was built recently in An Hui Province, China. Inside of the violin is the escalator to the building. The building displays various city plans and development prospects in an effort to draw interest into the recently developed area.





    Kansas City Library (United States)



    Kansas City Library has one seriously cool façade. Local residents were asked to nominate influential books that represent kansas city, humungous versions of the winning nominations were then used as the exterior of the library car-park.




    The Robot Building (Thailand)



    The Robot Building, located in the Sathorn business district of Bangkok, Thailand, houses United Overseas Bank's Bangkok headquarters. It was designed for the Bank of Asia by Sumet Jumsai to reflect the computerization of banking; its architecture is a reaction against neoclassical and high-tech postmodern architecture.



    The building's features, such as progressively receding walls, antennae, and eyes, contribute to its robotic appearance and to its practical function. Completed in 1986, the building is one of the last examples of modern architecture in Bangkok and has garnered international critical acclaim.


    The Blue Building (Netherlands)



    The borough of Delfshaven, Rotterdam, asked Schildersbedrijf N&F Hijnen to come up with a plan for a block of derelict buildings, which will eventually be demolished. The agreement with the neighbourhood is that the block will remain blue as long as there isn't a new plan for the area.



    This was once one of the most unseen blocks of houses in Rotterdam, and by applying a layer of only 2 micron of blue paint onto it, it became Rotterdam's most photographed one.


    The Astra House (Germany)



    The strange building is actually a brewery in Hamburg, Germany. The floors can move up or down on it's skinny column core. As of now, the unique building has been destroyed. One of it's more famous beer brands was recently bought by a big refreshment corporation. And that beer brand was called Astra.


    The Crooked House (Poland)



    Polish architect of the Crooked House, Szotynscy Zaleski, was inspired by the fairytale illustrations of Jan Marcin Szancer and the drawings of the Swedish artist and Sopot resident Per Dahlberg. The most photographed building in Poland, the 4,000 square meter house is located in Rezydent shopping center in Sopot, Poland.




    Sam Kee Building: six feet deep, world's thinnest (Canada)



    The Sam Kee building is situated at 8 West Pender Street. It runs from the corner of Pender and Carral to the lane at the halfway point of the block. It is two storeys tall and 1.5 meters (six feet) deep. The story behind the building is as exotic as the structure with several intriguing twists and turns included in its telling. The City of Vancouver provided the original owner, Chang Toy, with a challenge when it expropriated all but two meters of his property as part of an expansion of Pender Street. No compensation was provided to its owner who was left with what most believed to be a useless property. In a creative turn of events fuelled by spite and some say a bet an architect was hired to design a building to fit the remaining property. The rest is history in more ways than one.



    This building was home to 13 businesses at one time. It was the only place in Chinatown for residents to enjoy hot baths. There is a tunnel beneath the building that was used as an escape route from raids on Opium dens situated on neighbouring Shanghai Alley. The building is also fronted by the only remaining glass sidewalk in Chinatown. As part of the ongoing history of this structure, issues still arise between the owners and the city with respect to encroachment and overhangs. In spite of each side having an element of right it seems to boil down to the proverbial "tit for tat". It makes for an interesting study in civics.


  3. #43

    Default

    Foarte interesant topic, @Dytzu. Din ultimul post, cea mai interesanta cladire mi s-a parut "The Dancing House"

  4. #44
    VW Golf 5 Dytzu's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2008
    Location
    iN GoLf
    Posts
    1,573
    Blog Entries
    12

    Default

    Breathtaking Monasteries Around the World


    Tiger's Nest Monastery (Bhutan)


    Taktshang is the most famous of monasteries in Bhutan. It hangs on a cliff at 3,120 metres (10,200 feet), some 700 meters (2,300 feet) above the bottom of Paro valley. Famous visitors include Ngawang Namgyal in the 17th century and Milarepa.

    The name means "Tiger's nest", the legend being that Padmasambhava (Guru Rinpoche) flew there on the back of a tiger. The monastery includes seven temples which can all be visited. The monastery suffered several blazes and is a recent restoration. Climbing to the monastery is on foot or mule.




    Madonna del Sasso Monastery (Switzerland)



    This beautiful pilgrimage church Madonna del Sasso with its Capuchin monastery is towering high above Locarno. The old town enjoys the most glorious of locations, on a broad sweeping curve of a bay in the lake, and also clocks up the most sunshine hours of anywhere in Switzerland.

    The monastery has a spectacular view of the town beneath it was built to honour the Virgin Mary, who was said to have appeared in a vision in 1480 and was completed by 17th century. The monastery's museum hosts a remarkable collection of sacred art. The twenty-minute walk up through the lush ravine of the Torrente Ramogno is a romance in itself.


    Yumbulagang Monastery (Tibet)



    Yumbulagang , palace of mother and son in Tibetan dialect, is the first palace and one of the earliest buildings in Tibet and it has a history of more than 2,000 years. Destroyed during the Cultural Revolution it was rebuilt in the 1980s. The walls are painted with beautiful murals which tell the early history of Tibet.

    It's said that it was built for Nyatri Tsanpo, the first Tibetan King by Bon believers in the 2nd century BC. Then it became the summer palace of Songtsan Gampo and Princess Wencheng. The 5thDalai Lama changed it as the monastery of Old-Yellow Hat Sect (Kadamspa).



    Gregoriou Monastery (Greece)



    The Monastery of Gregoriou was built on a beautiful location at the south-west side of Mount Athos, dedicated to Saint Nicholas. The monastery was founded in the 14th century. It occupies the seventeenth rank in the hierarchical order of the twenty Athonite monasteries. It is considered to be one of the most well-organised and strict coenobitic monasteries. It is inhabited by 70 monks (1990). Its katholikon was built in 1768, in accordance to the Athonite plan. The church's walls were decorated in 1779 by the holy monks Gabriel and Gregory from Kastoria. The Church's narthex (vestibule) was added later. Aside from the katholikon, the monastery also features many chapels. The library is relatively poor since it was destroyed by raids and fire during the revolution of 1821. Today, it features 297 manuscripts and 4,500 printed books. The monastery also features a fragment of the True Cross and relics of saints. The monastery's treasury is very rich in relics from various eras and also houses many chrysobulls, siggilia, etc. The bones of St Niphon, Patriarch of Constantinople, are displayed in a special crypt in the katholikon. The library is richly stocked and well-organised. It contains some 804 manuscript codices, theological, ecclesiastical or liturgical works. One manuscript is an illuminated 13th century Holy Bible.



    Metéora Monastery (Greece)



    The Metéora (Greek: "suspended rocks", "suspended in the air" or "in the heavens above") is one of the largest and most important complex of monasteries in Greece, second only to Mount Athos. The monasteries are built on natural sandstone rock pillars, at the northwestern edge of the Plain of Thessaly near the Peneios river and Pindus Mountains, in central Greece. The Metéora is home to six monasteries and is included on the UNESCO World Heritage List.



    Gradac Monastery (Serbia)



    Endowment of Queen Helen (of the Anjou) wife of Serbian King Uros I. It is located 20 km north from Raska and was built in the 13th century. The church is predominantly in the style of the autochthonous Raska school, though with certain Gothic elements.


    Ngaphechaung Monastery (Burma)



    Ngaphechaung Monastery is located in Inle Lake, on the way to Phaung Daw Oo Pagoda. This is an attractive wooden monastery built on stilts over the lake at the end of the 1850s. Aside from its collection of Buddhas the monastery may be of interest to visit because its monks have taught a few of the many cats living with them to jump through hoops. 25 minutes boat ride to visit and ancient monastery built on huge pieces of teak wood with traditional architecture and see the popular jumping cats leap through the hoops.

    The monastery is also known for a collection of old Myanmar's Buddha images from different areas that are worth seeing. Nga Phe Chaug is the biggest and oldest monastery on the Inle Lake and is worth visiting for its historical purposes and architecture as well as its cats.



    Montserrat Monastery (Spain)



    The Santa María de Montserrat monastery is located in the Montserrat mountain in Catalonia. The Virgin of Montserrat famous statue is here; ñegend has it that the Benedictine monks could not move the statue to construct their monastery, choosing to instead build around it. The statue's sanctuary is located at the rear of the chapel, where an altar of gold surrounds the icon, and is now a site of pilgrimage.

    ---------- Post added at 01:25 PM ---------- Previous post was at 01:25 PM ----------

    Quote Originally Posted by jacuzzi View Post
    Foarte interesant topic, @Dytzu. Din ultimul post, cea mai interesanta cladire mi s-a parut "The Dancing House"
    Si Crooked House e tare :P


  5. #45
    VW Golf 5 Dytzu's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2008
    Location
    iN GoLf
    Posts
    1,573
    Blog Entries
    12

    Default

    World's Most Dangerous Airports



    Princess Juliana International Airport (Saint Martin)


    Princess Juliana International Airport serves Saint Maarten, the Dutch part of the island of Saint Martin. It is the second busiest airport in the Eastern Caribbean. The airport is famous for its short landing strip — only 2,180 metres/7,152 ft, which is barely enough for heavy jets. Because of this, the planes approach the island flying extremely low, right over Maho Beach. Countless photos of large jets flying at 10--20 m/30-60 ft over relaxing tourists at the beach have been dismissed as fakes many times, but are nevertheless real. For this reason as well it has become a favourite for planespotters. Despite the difficulties in approach, there has been no records of major aviation incidents at the airport.








    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zAfQwDizpRo




    Juancho E. Yrausquin Airport (Saba)



    Juancho E. Yrausquin Airport is the only airport on the Caribbean island of Saba, in the Netherlands Antilles. It is well known among experienced fliers for the way in which airplanes must approach or take off from the airport.

    Yrausquin Airport covers a relatively large portion of the small island of Saba. Some aviation experts are of the general opinion that the airport is one of the most dangerous in the world, despite the fact that no major tragedies have happened at the facility. The airport's sole runway is marked with an X at each end, to indicate to commercial pilots that the airport is closed for commercial aviation.

    The danger arises from the airport's physical position. It is flanked on one side by high hills, and on the other side and at both ends of the runway by cliffs dropping into the sea. This creates the possibility that an airplane might overshoot the runway during landing or takeoff and end up in the sea or on the cliffs.


    Courchevel (France)



    Courchevel is the name of a ski area located in the French Alps, the largest linked ski area in the world. It's airport has a certain degree of infamy in the aviation industry as home to a relatively short runway, with a length of 525 m (1,722 ft) and a gradient of 18.5%. It's so short that you have to land on an inclined strip to slow down and take off on a decline to pick up enough speed.

    Who gets to land here? Well, Pierce Brosnan made the short list. This was the airport used in the opening seen of Tomorrow Never Dies. For the rest of us, private plane, helicopter, or charter are the only ways to go, and your pilot is going to need some serious training before he or she is allowed to land at CVF.




    YouTube - Beech Baron landing at Courchevel Airport, France




    Gustaf III Airport (St. Bart)



    Gustaf III Airport also known as Saint Barthélemy Airport is a public use airport located in the village of St. Jean on the Caribbean island of Saint Barthélemy. Both the airport and the island's main town of Gustavia are named for King Gustav III of Sweden, under whom Sweden obtained the island from France in 1785 (it was sold back to France in 1878). The airport is served by small regional commercial aircraft and charters. Most visiting aircraft carry fewer than twenty passengers, such as the Twin Otter, a common sight around Saint Barth and throughout the northern West Indies. The short airstrip is at the base of a gentle slope ending directly on the beach. The arrival descent is extremely steep over the hilltop traffic circle and departing planes fly right over the heads of sunbathers (although small signs advise sunbathers not to lie directly at the end of the runway).


    Barra International Airport (Barra)




    Barra Airport is the only airport in the world where planes land on the beach. BRR is situated in on the wide beach of Traigh Mhor, on Barra island, in the Outer Hebrides, Scotland. If you want to fly here commercially you will want to book with British Airways, which flies to Barra from Glasgow and Benbecula.

    The airport is literally washed away by the tide once a day, and if you arrive on a late afternoon flight, you may notice a couple of cars in the parking lot with their lights on, which provides pilots some added visibility, since the airport is naturally lit. Needless to say you probably don't want to hang out at Barra Airport beach, unless you are a aviation junkie, in which case Barra Airport has a fool proof system, as sign that reads: "Keep off the beach. When the windsock is flying and the airport is active."


    Madeira Airport (Madeira)



    Madeira Airport also known as Funchal Airport and Santa Catarina Airport, is an international airport located near Funchal, Madeira. The airport controls national and international air traffic of the island of Madeira.

    The airport was once infamous for its short runway which, surrounded by high mountains and the ocean, made it a tricky landing for even the most experienced of pilots. The original runway was only 1,400 metres in length, but was extended by 400 metres after the TAP Air Portugal Flight 425 incident of 1977 and subsequently rebuilt in 2003, almost doubling the size of the runway, building it out over the ocean. Instead of using landfill, the extension was built on a series of 180 columns, each being about 70m tall.

    For the enlargement of the new runway the Funchal Airport has won the Outstanding Structures Award, given by International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering (IABSE). The Outstanding Structures Award is considered to be the "Oscar" for engineering structures in Portugal.


    Lukla Airport (Nepal)



    A huge mountain on one end, a thousand meter drop on the other. And it's at 2900 meters elevation, so you don't exactly have full power.

    Lukla Airport is a small airport in the Town of Lukla in eastern Nepal. In January 2008, the government of Nepal announced that the airport would be renamed in honor of Sir Edmund Hillary[1], the first person to reach the summit of Mount Everest, who passed away on January 11, 2008. The airport is quite popular as Lukla is the place where most people start their trek to climb Mount Everest
    Last edited by Dytzu; 06-28-2009 at 03:16 PM.


  6. #46
    VW Golf 5 Dytzu's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2008
    Location
    iN GoLf
    Posts
    1,573
    Blog Entries
    12

    Default

    7 Most Beautiful Oases


    Ubari Oasis (Libya)



    Ubari is an oasis city in South-Western Libya, in the Targa valley. It lies between the Messak Sattafat plateau and Idhan Ubari sand dunes and lakes. The oasis is the second centre after Ghat for Kel Ajjer Tuareg. Neighbouring villages include Germa, and In Garran. The water is salted like the dead sea, but swimming into it is rather not a good idea as it is very dirty.


    Huacachina (Peru)



    Shimmering beneath the scorching sun of the Peruvian desert is an extraordinary sight - a tiny settlement, complete with lagoon, lush palm groves, carob trees, cafes, neatly clipped lawns, 100-strong population and even the odd swimming pool.

    For thousands of years, Huacachina, otherwise known as the ‘oasis of Americas' - there is only one - has been a beacon of green, hidden deep amid hundreds of miles of barren desert.

    Huacachina serves as a resort for local families from the nearby city of Ica, and increasingly as an attraction for tourists drawn by the sport of sandboarding on sand dunes that stretch several hundred feet high.


    Ein Gedi (Israel)



    En Gedi is the largest oasis along the western shore of the Dead Sea. The springs here have allowed nearly continuous inhabitation of the site since the Chalcolithic period. The area was allotted to the tribe of Judah, and was famous in the time of Solomon (Josh 15:62). Today the Israeli kibbutz of En Gedi sits along the southern bank of the Nahal Arugot.


    Chebika Oasis (Tunisia)



    Chebika belongs to the collection of unlikely desert oases of the mountains north of the great Tunisian chotts. Least famous, Chebika offers perhaps the most effective and dramatic experience among them. Where the mountains rise, Chebika lies. Most of the year it is so exposed to the sun that it once was known as Qasr el-Shams, Castle of the Sun.


    Timia Oasis (Niger)



    Timia Oasis, located on the Aïr Mountains (northern Niger), is billed as the most beautiful oasis in the country for a reason. It is not quite the image of a pool of water amidst the sand-dunes with a couple of palm-trees on either side. Instead it is a rich network of lush gardens in the middle of some of the most hostile terrain on earth- as true an oasis as you'll ever find. Oranges and pomegranates hang from branches and can be plucked (for a fee) and eaten on the spot. Date palms and citrus trees, and beneath the cool of the spreading leaves, any number of herbs, cereals and garden vegetables are grown. The Tuareg who tend the gardens export their produce all over the Aïr region- indeed in some cases all over Niger. After the searing heat of the Sahara, the Timia Oasis is the perfect rest-stop for a group of travellers, and time is well spent exploring the refreshing shade of the carefully-groomed orchards.


    Gaberoun (Libya)



    Gaberoun is an oasis with a large lake located in the municipality Sabha in the Libyan Sahara. The old Bedouin settlement by the western shore of the lake has been abandoned, and now lays in ruins. A rudimentary tourist camp is located on the northeastern shore, including an open patio, sleeping huts, and a souvenir shop (attended by a touareg in full costume) in the winter.

    The lake is very salty, swimming can be pleasant despite the salt water crustaceans. Mosquitoes are abundant, especially in the summer. October to May is considered the best time to visit as the climate is milder.


    Herðubreiðarlindir (Iceland)




    On Herðubreið, situated in the Highlands of Iceland in the midst of the desert of Ódáðahraun --a very big lava field originating from eruptions of the volcano Trölladyngja--, lies an oasis called Herðubreiðarlindir with a camp ground and famous hiking trails. In former times, outcasts lived there who had been excluded from Icelandic society because of crimes they had committed.


  7. #47
    VW Golf 5 Dytzu's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2008
    Location
    iN GoLf
    Posts
    1,573
    Blog Entries
    12

    Default

    10 Most Amazing Lost Cities


    Lost Cities were real, prosperous, well-populated areas of human habitation that fell into terminal decline and whose location was later lost. Most lost cities are found, and have been studied extensively by scientists. Here's our list of the 10 most amazing lost cities in the world.


    MACHU PICCHU (Peru): The Lost City of the Incas


    Machu Picchu ("Old Peak") is a pre-Columbian Inca city located at 2,430 m (7,970 ft) altitude on a mountain ridge above the Urubamba Valley in Peru, near Cusco. Machu Picchu is probably the most familiar symbol of the Inca Empire. It is often referred to as "The Lost City of the Incas". The site was designated as a World Heritage Site in 1983 when it was described as "an absolute masterpiece of architecture and a unique testimony to the Inca civilization".






    Machu Picchu was constructed around 1450, at the height of the Inca empire, and was abandoned less than 100 years later, as the empire collapsed under Spanish conquest. Although the citadel is located only about 50 miles from Cusco, the Inca capital, it was never found and destroyed by the Spanish, as were many other Inca sites. Over the centuries, the surrounding jungle grew to enshroud the site, and few knew of its existence. In 1911, Yale historian and explorer Hiram Bingham brought the "lost" city to the world's attention. Bingham and others hypothesized that the citadel was the traditional birthplace of the Inca people or the spiritual center of the "virgins of the sun," while curators of a recent exhibit have speculated that Machu Picchu was a royal retreat.


    ANGKOR (Cambodia): Contains the world's largest religious monument



    Angkor served as the seat of the Khmer empire that flourished from approximately the 9th century to the 15th century A.D. More precisely, the Angkorian period may be defined as the period from 802 A.D., when the Khmer Hindu monarch Jayavarman II declared himself the "universal monarch" and "god-king" of Cambodia, until 1431 A.D., when Thai invaders sacked the Khmer capital, causing its population to migrate south to the area of Phnom Penh.

    The ruins of Angkor are located amid forests and farmland to the north of the Great Lake (Tonle Sap) and south of the Kulen Hills, near modern day Siem Reap (13°24'N, 103°51'E), and are a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The temples of the Angkor area number over one thousand, ranging in scale from nondescript piles of brick rubble scattered through rice fields to the magnificent Angkor Wat, said to be the world's largest single religious monument. Many of the temples at Angkor have been restored, and together they comprise the most significant site of Khmer architecture. Visitor numbers approach one million annually.



    In 2007 an international team of researchers using satellite photographs and other modern techniques concluded that Angkor had been the largest preindustrial city in the world with an urban sprawl of 1,150 square miles. The closest rival to Angkor, the Mayan city of Tikal in Guatemala, was roughly 50 square miles in total size.


    MEMPHIS (Egypt): ancient capital of Egypt



    Memphis was the ancient capital of the first nome of Lower Egypt, and of the Old Kingdom of Egypt from its foundation until around 2200 BC and later for shorter periods during the New Kingdom, and an administrative centre throughout ancient history. Its Ancient Egyptian name was Ineb Hedj ("The White Walls"). The name "Memphis" is the Greek deformation of the Egyptian name of Pepi I's (6th dynasty) pyramid, Men-nefer, which became Menfe in Coptic. According to Herodotus, the city was founded around 3100 BC by Menes, who united the two kingdoms of Egypt.



    Estimates of population size differ widely. According to T. Chandlerm, Memphis had some 30,000 inhabitants and was by far the largest settlement worldwide from the time of its foundation until around 2250 BC and from 1557 to 1400 BC. Memphis reached a peak of prestige under the 6th Dynasty as a centre of the cult of Ptah. It declined briefly after the 18th Dynasty with the rise of Thebes and was revived under the Persian satraps before falling firmly into second place following the foundation of Alexandria. Under the Roman Empire, Alexandria remained the most important city and Memphis remained the second city of Egypt until the establishment of Fustat (or Fostat) in 641. It was then largely abandoned and became a source of stone for the surrounding settlements. It was still an imposing set of ruins in the 12th century but soon became little more than an expanse of low ruins and scattered stone. The remains of the temple of Ptah and of Apis have been uncovered at the site as well as a few statues, including two four-metre ones in alabaster of Ramesses II. The Saqqara necropolis is close to Memphis.


    PETRA: stone structures carved into rocks



    Petra ("Rock") lies on the slope of Mount Hor (Jordan) in a basin among the mountains which form the eastern flank of Arabah (Wadi Araba), the large valley running from the Dead Sea to the Gulf of Aqaba. It is famous for having many stone structures carved into the rock. The long-hidden site was revealed to the Western world by the Swiss explorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt in 1812. It was famously described as "a rose-red city half as old as time" in a Newdigate prize-winning sonnet by John William Burgon. Burgon had not actually visited Petra, which remained accessible only to Europeans accompanied by local guides with armed escorts until after World War I. The site was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985 when it was described as "one of the most precious cultural properties of man's cultural heritage."



    Enclosed by towering rocks and watered by a perennial stream, Petra not only possessed the advantages of a fortress but controlled the main commercial routes which passed through it to Gaza in the west, to Bosra and Damascus in the north, to Aqaba and Leuce Come on the Red Sea, and across the desert to the Persian Gulf. Petra's decline came rapidly under Roman rule, in large part due to the revision of sea-based trade routes. In 363 an earthquake destroyed buildings and crippled the vital water management system. The ruins of Petra were an object of curiosity in the Middle Ages and were visited by the Sultan Baibars of Egypt towards the close of the 13th century. The first European to describe them was Johann Ludwig Burckhardt in 1812.


    PALMYRA (Syria): the Bride of the Desert



    Palmyra was in the ancient times an important city of central Syria. It has long been a vital caravan city for travellers crossing the Syrian desert and was known as the Bride of the Desert. The earliest documented mention of the city by its pre-Semitic name Tadmor, Tadmur or Tudmur, is recorded in Babylonian tablets found in Mari. Though the ancient site fell into disuse after the 16th century, it is still known as Tadmor and there is a small newer settlement next to the ruins of the same name.



    In the mid-first century, Palmyra, a wealthy and elegant city located along the caravan routes linking Persia with the Mediterranean ports of Roman Syria and Phoenicia, came under Roman control. During the following period of great prosperity, the Arab citizens of Palmyra adopted customs and modes of dress from both the Iranian Parthian world to the east and the Graeco-Roman west. Tadmor is mentioned in the Hebrew Bible (Second Book of Chronicles 8:4) as a desert city built by the King Solomon of Judea, the son of David. Palmyra was made part of the Roman province of Syria during the reign of Tiberius (14–37). It steadily grew in importance as a trade route linking Persia, India, China, and the Roman empire. In 634 the first Muslims arrived in Palmyra. The city was taken by the Muslim Arabs under Khalid ibn Walid in 636. In the 6th century, Fakhreddine al Maany castle was built on top of a mountain overlooking the oasis. The castle was surrounded by a moat, with access only available through a drawbridge. The city of Palmyra was kept intact. After year 800, people started abandoning the city.


    POMPEII (Italy): buried by the volcano



    Along with Herculaneum, this Roman city near modern Naples was destroyed and completely buried during a catastrophic eruption of the volcano Mount Vesuvius spanning two days on 24 August year 79. The volcano collapsed higher roof-lines and buried Pompeii under many meters of ash and pumice, and it was lost for nearly 1700 years before its accidental rediscovery in 1748.



    Since then, its excavation has provided an extraordinarily detailed insight into the life of a city at the height of the Roman Empire. Today, it is one of the most popular tourist attractions of Italy and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.


  8. #48
    VW Golf 5 Dytzu's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2008
    Location
    iN GoLf
    Posts
    1,573
    Blog Entries
    12

    Default

    PALENQUE (Mexico): one of Mayan's most exquisite cities



    Palenque is an ancient Maya city near the Usumacinta River in the Mexican state of Chiapas. It contains some of the finest architecture, sculpture, roof comb and bas-relief carvings the Maya produced. The ancient Mayan city of Palenque, with its superb jungle setting and exquisite architecture and decoration, is one of the marvels of Mexico. First occupied around 100 BC, it flourished from about 600 to 700 AD, and what a glorious century that was. The city rose to prominence under Pakal, a club-footed king who reigned from 615 to 683 AD, represented by hieroglyphs of sun and shield, he is also referred to as Sun Shield or White Macaw. During Pakal's reign, many plazas and buildings, including the superlative Templo de las Inscripciones (his Mausoleum), were constructed in Palenque, characterized by very fine stucco bas-reliefs.



    Pakal's son Chan-Bahlum II continued Palenque's political and economic expansion and the development of its art and architecture and presided over the construction of the Grupo de la Cruz temples, placing sizable narrative stone stelae within each. One can see the influence of Palenque's architecture in the Mayan city of Tikal. The rival Mayan city of Toniná's hostility was perhaps the major factor in Palenque's precipitous decline after Chan-Bahlum II's death in 702. Sources speak of a devastating Toniná attack on Palenque in 730. After the 10th century Palenque was largely abandoned. In an area that receives the heaviest rainfall in Mexico, the ruins lay undiscovered until the 18th century. Frans Blom, an early-to-mid-20th century investigator remarked: 'The first visit to Palenque is immensely impressive. When one has lived there for some time this ruined city becomes an obsession.'


    VIJAYANAGAR (India): capital of one of the largest Hindu empires



    Vijayanagar, the capital of one of the largest Hindu empires ever, was founded by Sangama dynasty princes Harihara and Bukka in 1336. Its power peaked under Krishnadevaraya (1509-29), when it controlled nearly the whole of the peninsula south of the Krishna and Tungabhadra rivers. Comparable to Delhi in the 14th century, the city, with an estimated population of half a million, covered 33 sq km and was surrounded by several concentric lines of fortification. Its wealth derived from the control of spice trade and the cotton industry. Its busy bazaars, described by travelers such as Portuguese Nunez and Paes, were centers of international commerce. The empire collapsed after the battle of Talikota in 1565 when the city was ransacked by the confederacy of Deccan sultans (Bidar, Bijapur, Golconda, Ahmednagar and Berar), thus opening up southern India for Muslim conquest.



    The ruins are set in a strange and beautiful boulder strewn landscape with an almost magical quality. The undisputed highlight, the 16th century Vittala Temple, is a World Heritage Monument. Started by Krishnadevaraya, it was never finished or consecrated; its incredible sculptural work is the pinnacle of Vijayanagar art. The outer pillars are known as musical pillars as they reverberate when tapped. An ornate stone chariot in the temple courtyard containing an image of Garuda.


    EPHESUS (Turkey): one of the most important cities of early Christianity



    Ephesus was an Ionian Greek city in ancient Anatolia, founded by colonists from Athens in the 10th century BC. The city was located in Ionia, where the Cayster River (Küçük Menderes) flows into the Aegean Sea, and was part of the Panionian League. Ephesus hosted one of the seven churches of Asia, addressed in the Book of Revelation (2:1–7). It is also the site of a large Gladiator graveyard.



    Ephesus was an important center for early Christianity. Paul used it as a base. He became embroiled in a dispute with artisans, whose livelihood depended on the Temple of Artemis there (Acts 19:23–41), and wrote 1 Corinthians from Ephesus. Later Paul wrote to the Christian community at Ephesus.


    SANCHI (India): the best-preserved group of Buddhist monuments



    A UNESCO world heritage site in central India near the Betwa River, Sanchi is on a flat-topped sandstone hill, 90m above the countryside, and stands the best-preserved group of Buddhist monuments in India. Most noteworthy is the Great Stupa, discovered in 1818. It was probably begun by the emperor Asoka in the mid-3rd century BCE and later enlarged. Solid throughout, it is enclosed by a massive stone railing pierced by four gateways on which are elaborate carvings depicting the life of the Buddha.



    The stupa itself consists of a base bearing a hemispherical dome representing the dome of heaven enclosing the Earth; it is surmounted by a squared rail unit, the world mountain, from which rises a mast to symbolize the cosmic axis. The mast bears umbrellas that represent the various heavens. Other remains include several smaller stupas, an assembly hall (caitya), an Asokan pillar with inscription, and several monasteries (4th–11th cent. CE). Several relic baskets and more than 400 epigraphical records have also been discovered.


  9. #49
    VW Golf 5 Dytzu's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2008
    Location
    iN GoLf
    Posts
    1,573
    Blog Entries
    12

    Default

    8 Fascinating Object Graveyards


    Aircraft Bone Yard (Arizona, USA)



    Meet the Bone Yard, near Davis Monthan Air Force Base in Tucson, Arizona. For those of you that have never seen it, it's difficult to comprehend the size of it. The number of aircraft stored there and the precision in the way they are parked is impressive. Another important fact is that they are all capable of being returned to service if the need ever arises. Both the museum and the Bone Yard are very popular attractions in the Arizona desert.


    Train Graveyard (Bolivia)



    In southwest Bolivia lies a place where it looks as if all the country’s ailing old locomotives have rolled into the wilderness to chug their last chugs – or been struck dead on the spot at the hand of the evil stationmaster in the Earth’s furnace. This gigantic train graveyard – chock-full of the hollow husks and skeletal remains of long forsaken steam engines – is situated on the deserted outskirts of the small trading post of Uyuni, high in the Andean plane some 3,670 m above sea level.


    Ship Graveyard (Mauritania)



    The city of Nouadhibou is the second largest city in Mauritania, and the location of one of the largest ship graveyard in the world. Hundreds of rusting ships can be seen all around, in the water, and on beaches.

    This phenomenon started in the 80's after the nationalization of the Mauritanian fishing industry, numerous uneconomical ships were simply abandoned there. Foreign ship owners later found very convenient to get rid of their old vessels in the bay.


    Soviet Tank Graveyard (Afghanistan)



    On the outskirts of Kabul, Afghanistan there’s a massive collection of abandoned Soviet battle vehicles left behind after the failure of a massive eastern bloc military occupation of the country in the 1970’s and 1980’s. The Soviets left in a hurry and couldn’t be bothered to find a way to get broken-down tanks back home, so now they sit, partially stripped and covered in graffiti. Afghanistan has few recycling facilities, so this cemetery of tanks will likely remain where it is for many more years as a reminder of the Russian invasion.


    Anchor Graveyard (Portugal)



    Among the dunes of Tavira island, in Portugal, there’s an impressive called the Cemitério das Âncoras (The Anchor Graveyard). It was built in remembrence of the glorious tradition of tuna fishing with large nets ("armações de atum") fixed with these anchors, a fishing technique already invented by the Phoenicians. Tavira used to be a place devoted to the tuna fishing. They built up this anchor graveyard to remember those who had to quit their occupation when the big fish abandoned the coasts.


    Vending Machine Graveyard (Japan)



    Located in Tamamura, Gunma-ken, Japan, this vending machine graveyard remind us what an environmental problem they are, because of the amount of power devoted to keeping them brightly lit and cold/hot 24 hours a day.


    War Graveyard (Eritrea)



    In Asmara -an important city of Eritrea- a huge graveyard of wrecked military tanks, armoured vehicles and other relics of war, captured by the Eritreans or left behind by the Dergue from Ethiopia while evacuating Eritrea.

    “We keep this place as a reminder,” says Peter from the Department of Tourism. We walk through the masses of mostly Russian vehicles, tanks and piles of spent shells. In a normal country this place would be a scrap metal merchant’s dream, but here in Eritrea it remains as a symbol of pride and victory over Ethiopia.


    Soviet Car Graveyard (Russia)



    Meet the Soviet Car Graveyard. Most of these cars are very rare nowadays on Russian streets and were a subject to a great desire to a few generations of Soviet people, almost deprived of the right to have a car. Now they stay there as a silent monument in far-away countryside to the Soviet era and it’s style of life. Maybe on some of these cars Stalin or Brezhnev drove across the streets of Moscow.


  10. #50
    VW Golf 5 Dytzu's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2008
    Location
    iN GoLf
    Posts
    1,573
    Blog Entries
    12

    Default

    7 Most Breathtaking Views of Bolivia


    Located in the Altiplano (spanish for "high plain"), it's the most extensive area of high plateau on earth outside of Tibet. Its height averages about 3,300 meters (11,000 feet), and unlike the Tibetan Plateau, the Altiplano is dominated by massive active volcanoes of the Central Volcanic Zone to the west. Along with photographer Robert Dam, we took some of the most surreal views of this fascinating country.


    Illimani Mountain and the Milluni Valley







    Illimani (from Aimara, meaning "golden eagle") is the highest mountain in the Cordillera Real (part of the Andes) of western Bolivia, next to La Paz. The best view you'll get is from the Milluni Valley, an hour from downtown La Paz. The valley itself is absolutely beautiful, full of llamas, rocks and fascinating lakes.


    Uyuni Flats





    The Salar de Uyuni (spanish for Uyuni Flats) is the world's largest salt flat at 10,582 km2 (4,085 square miles). It took a 7 hour train from Oruro (3 hours from La Paz) to reach the city of Uyuni, and another 2-hour drive to the flats. Located in the Potosí and Oruro departments in southwest Bolivia, near the crest of the Andes, it is 3,650 meters high. Some 40,000 years ago, the area was part of Lake Minchin, a giant prehistoric lake. When the lake dried, it left behind two modern lakes, Poopó Lake and Uru Uru Lake, and two major salt deserts, Salar de Coipasa and the larger Uyuni. Uyuni is roughly 25 times the size of the Bonneville Salt Flats in the United States. The Salar is estimated to contain 10 billion tons of salt, of which less than 25,000 tons is extracted annually.


    Chacaltaya Mountain





    It takes about an hour to climb up to the top, but the view is outstanding. The glacierial mountain of Chacaltaya is located near Lake Titicaca, with an elevation of 5421 m (17,785 feet). It's about 30 km from La Paz, near Huayna Potosí mountain, and it's one of the highest glaciers in South America. Although the glacier is over 18,000 years old, over 80% of it has melted since 1987 and it is expected to disappear by 2008.


    Siloli Desert







    Part of the National Reserve Eduardo Abaroa, the Siloli Desert is famous for its tree-like rock formations, specially the one known as the "Stone Tree", which was formed during the uprising of the Andes.


    Moon Valley





    Located on the outskirts of La Paz, the Moon Valley (Valle de La Luna) is an incredible rock formation caused by erosion, giving the sensation to be in a real lunar landscape. They say it was once visited by Neil Armstrong himself.


    Red Lagoon







    Not far from the Uyuni Flats, the beautiful Red Lagoon (Laguna Colorada) is a shallow salt lake in the southwest of the altiplano of Bolivia, close to the border with Chile. The lake contains borax islands, whose white color contrasts nicely with the reddish color of its waters, caused by red sediments and pigmentation of some algae.


    Frozen Lake





    Not far from the Red Lagoon we found this unidentified frozen lake; absolutely beautiful.


  11. #51
    VW Golf 5 Dytzu's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2008
    Location
    iN GoLf
    Posts
    1,573
    Blog Entries
    12

    Default

    7 Most Amazing Caves of our World


    Cave of Crystals (Mexico): world's largest known natural crystals


    Known as "the Sistine Chapel of crystals," Mexico's Cueva de los Cristales (Cave of Crystals) contains some of the world's largest known natural crystals—translucent beams of gypsum as long as 36 feet (11 meters). The cave is 950 feet (290 meters) underground. The Naica mining complex, which yields lead, zinc, copper, silver, and gold, zigzags nearly half a mile underground (760 meters). Deep inside Naica mountain, the Cave of Crystals is a horseshoe-shaped cavity in limestone rock about 30 feet (10 meters) wide and 90 feet (30 meters) long.



    Volcanic activity that began about 26 million years ago created Naica mountain and filled it with high-temperature anhydrite gypsum. When magma underneath the mountain cooled and the temperature dropped, the anhydrite began to dissolve. The anhydrite slowly enriched the waters with sulfate and calcium molecules, which for millions of years have been deposited in the caves in the form of huge selenite gypsum crystals.




    Majlis al Jinn Cave (Oman): world's second largest cave chamber



    Majlis al Jinn is the second largest cave chamber in the world. It is located in a remote area of the Selma Plateau at around 1600 meters altitude in The Sultanate of Oman. It was discovered in 1983 by Don Davidson, a geologist studying water resources in the Sultanate. Davidson presumably died some ten years later when he left Oman permanently and went hiking in the Andes. He rented a car, drove it to a trailhead, left a note on it saying where he was going, and was never seen again.



    Access is through a hole in the ground with a rope. The inner height is between 120 and 150 metres. The cave floor 300 by 200 metres. To give an idea of scale, the Great pyramid of Giza of Egypt (the largest Eygptian pyramid) would almost exactly fit inside the cave chamber; that is, its base is approximately the area of the chamber floor, and its height is also similar.



    Waitomo Glowworm Cave (New Zealand): a glowworms' paradise



    The Waitomo Glowworm Cave is a cave on the North Island of New Zealand, known for its population of glowworms, Arachnocampa luminosa. These glowworms spin a nest out of silk on the ceiling of the cave and then hang down. Then, the larva glows to attract prey into its threads, so that the roof of a cave is covered with larva can look remarkably like the heavens at night. A hungry larva glows brighter than one which has just eaten.



    A silicon strand is lowered from the ceiling, alongside hundreds of others. Beautiful though these threads are, they have a sinister purpose. To trap its prey it [the cave glow worm] goes fishing with a line of silk. That ghostly blue light is the result of a chemical reaction taking place inside a special capsule in its tail... Insects seem irresistibly drawn towards the source and then get trapped by the sticky lines. Once stuck, there is no escape. Now it's just a matter of reeling in the line and slowly consuming the catch - alive. By ensnaring the insects that hatch in this cave, these glow worms have solved the biggest challenge that permanent cave dwellers face finding a regular and reliable source of food.


    Eisriesenwelt Ice Caves (Austria): largest Ice Caves known to man



    There are many ice caves throughout the world, but the Eisriesenwelt Ice Caves in Austria are some of the largest known to man. They are located within the Tennengebirge Mountains near Salzburg and stretch for a remarkable 40 kilometers. Only a portion of the labyrinth is open to tourists but it's enough to get a taste of what the remaining network is like: a truly mesmerizing palate of Mother Nature's handicraft. Ice caves are very different from normal caves. They have a strange feeling about them, as though they are not from this planet, and one has just temporarily stepped into their world when spelunking their depths.



    Cave of the Ghost (Venezuela): so vast that two helicopters can comfortably fly into it




    "Cueva del Fantasma" — Spanish for "Cave of the Ghost" — is so vast that two helicopters can comfortably fly into it and land next to a towering waterfall. A waterfall coming down one wall forms a small pond at the floor. When it was recently discovered, researchers also discovered a new dendrobatid frog species, Colostethus breweri, named for the frog's identifier, Charles Brewer-Carías.


    Fantastic Cave Pit (USA): deepest known cave pit in the continental US



    Fantastic Pit is 586' deep, which is the deepest known cave pit in the continental United States. This pit is big enough to hold the Washington Monument (555'). It is a truly fantastic rappel, it takes almost 8 seconds for a rock to hit the bottom.


    Dongzhong Cave (China): a primary school



    Not actually a fascinating cave in itself, until you consider dozens of children attend everyday to the school on it! The Dongzhong (literally meaning "in cave") is a primary school at a Miao village in Ziyun county, southwest China's Guizhou province. The school is built in a huge, aircraft hangar-sized natural cave, carved out of a mountain over thousands of years by wind, water and seismic shifts.



  12. #52
    VW Golf 5 Dytzu's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2008
    Location
    iN GoLf
    Posts
    1,573
    Blog Entries
    12

    Default

    The 7 Wonders of ultramodern Dubai


    By 2010 --the year Dubai's known oil reserves will most likely be tapped out--, prince Sheikh Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum is expecting to attract 15 million tourists. Here's how.



    Burj Dubai: world's tallest building



    The Burj Dubai will be the world's tallest building when it opens in 2009. The building is part of a 2 km2 (0.8 sq mi) development called 'Downtown Dubai' and is located at the "First Interchange" along Sheikh Zayed Road at Doha Street. The building was designed by Adrian Smith before he left Skidmore, Owings and Merrill LLP (SOM) of Chicago to start his own independent practice, Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture in October 2006.[3] SOM continues to lead the architectural, structural engineering and mechanical engineering of the Burj Dubai. The total budget for the Burj Dubai project is about $4 billion US dollars and for the entire new 'Downtown Dubai', $20 billion US Dollars.







    Its shape is inspired by the indigenous desert flowers that often appear as decorative patterns in Islamic architecture, but it also has an engineering purpose: The swirl shape ensures that the mass of the structure lessens as it reaches the top, making the structure steadier. A mixed-use building developed by Dubai's Emaar Properties, the Burj Dubai will house shops, offices, residences, and entertainment venues.


    Palm Islands: palm-shaped man-made island



    The Palm Islands in Dubai are the three largest artificial islands in the world. They are being constructed by Nakheel Properties, a property developer in the United Arab Emirates, who hired the Dutch dredging and marine contractor Van Oord, one of the world's specialists in land reclamation. The islands are The Palm Jumeirah, The Palm Jebel Ali and The Palm Deira. The Islands are located off the coast of The United Arab Emirates in the Persian Gulf and will add 520 km of beaches to the city of Dubai.



    The first two islands will comprise approximately 100 million cubic meters of rock and sand. Palm Deira will be composed of approximately 1 billion cubic meters of rock and sand. All materials will be quarried in the UAE. Between the three islands there will be over 100 luxury hotels, exclusive residential beach side villas and apartments, marinas, water theme parks, restaurants, shopping malls, sports facilities and health spas. The creation of The Palm Jumeirah began in June 2001. Shortly after, The Palm Jebel Ali was announced and reclamation work began. In 2004, The Palm Deira, which will be almost as large in size as Paris, was announced. Palm Jumeirah is currently open for development. Construction will be completed over the next 10-15 years.


    Dubailand: world's largest amusement park



    Dubailand is to be the largest amusement park collection in the world. Twice the size of Disney World, it is expected to be a full featured city divided into six theme worlds:

    * Attractions & Experience World 13 km2 (5.2 mile2)
    o Universal Studios Dubai
    o Tiger Woods Dubai
    o Bawadi
    o Global Village
    o Kids City
    o Giants World
    o Water Parks
    o Aquadunya
    o Dubai Snowdome, an indoor ski resort.
    * Retail and Entertainment World 4 km2 (1.6 mile2)
    o Flea Market
    o World Trade Park
    o Auction World
    o Factory Outlets
    * Sports and Outdoor World 19 km2 (7.4 mile2)
    o Dubai Sports City
    o Emerat Sports World
    o Plantation Equestrian and Polo Club
    o Dubai Autodrome
    o Dubai Golf City



    # Themed Leisure and Vacation World 29 km2 (11.2 mile2)

    * Women's World
    * Destination Dubai
    * Desert Kingdom
    * Andalusian Resort and Spa

    # Eco-Tourism World 75 km2 (28.9 mile2)

    * Al Sahra Desert Resort
    * Sand Dune Hotel
    * Al Kaheel

    # Downtown 1.8 km2 (0.7 mile2)

    * Mall of Arabia, which will be the world's largest shopping mall
    * City Walk
    * The Great Dubai Wheel, which will be the world's 2nd largest observation wheel after Shanghai Kiss
    * Virtual Game World


    Hydropolis: world's first underwater luxury resort



    Hydropolis, the world's first underwater luxury resort, brings new meaning to the "ocean-view room." Situated 66 feet below the surface of the Persian Gulf, Hydropolis will feature 220 guest suites. Reinforced by concrete and steel, its Plexiglas walls and bubble-shaped dome ceilings offer sights of fish and other sea creatures. It's scheduled to open in 2009.


    The World Islands: man-made islands in the form of a world map



    Ever wish the world was smaller? The World is a man-made archipelago of 300 islands in the shape of a world map. The World is being built primarily using sand dredged from the sea. Each island ranges from 23,000 m2 to 84,000 m2 (250,000–900,000 square feet or 5.7–21 acres) in size, with 50–100 m of water between each island. The development will cover an area of 9 km in length and 6 km in width, surrounded by an oval breakwater. The only means of transport between the islands will be by boat and helicopter. Prices for the islands will range from $15-45 million (USD). The average price for an island will be around $25 million (USD). Dredging started in 2004 and as of March of 2007 The World is around 90% complete. According to the National Geographic Channel (The Best of Megastructures) the overall price for the World is $14 Billion US Dollars.


    Dubai Mall: largest mall in the world



    The Dubai Mall claims to be the largest mall in the world when completed. It will cover a total area of more than 12 million ft2, with 10 - 15 individual smaller malls built inside it, consisting of 9 million ft2 of shopping retail space (comprising of a total of more than 1000 stores).

    Featured attractions include the world's largest gold souk; the 850,000 ft2 Fashion Island; one of the world's largest aquariums; an Olympic-sized ice skating rink; Oasis Fountain Waterfall; WaterFront Atrium; a view of the (soon to be completed) world's tallest building, Burj Dubai. The mall has already won five awards. It won two awards at the Retail Future Project Awards at MAPIC, Cannes, in 2004, for Best Retail Development Scheme (Large), Best Use of Lighting in a Retail Environment. And the Dubai Mall brochure has won three awards at the Summit Creative Awards 2005, in Portland, Oregon; Gold award for Best Art Direction / Graphic Design, Silver award for Best 4-colour B2B Brochure, and Judges Special Recognition award. The mall is being built by a Joint Venture of Dutco Balfour Beatty and AGCCC for client Emaar Properties and was scheduled to be completed in 2006, claiming to be the size of 50 "international-sized football(soccer) pitches". It is now expected to be completed in 2008.


    Ski Dubai: largest indoor ski resorts in the world



    Ski Dubai, which is already open, is claimed to be the largest indoor ski resorts in the world, with 22,500-square metres of indoor ski area. It is a part of the Mall of the Emirates, which is one of the largest malls in the world.



    An extremely efficient insulation system is the key to maintain the temperature of -1 degrees Celsius during the day and -6 degrees during the night when the snow is produced.


  13. The Following User Says Thank You to Dytzu For This Useful Post:

    Cojo (07-06-2009)

  14. #53
    VW Golf 5 Dytzu's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2008
    Location
    iN GoLf
    Posts
    1,573
    Blog Entries
    12

    Default

    20 Breathtaking Satellite Views of the Earth


    Bringing together imagery from many different satellites and astronaut missions, NASA's Earth Observatory publishes fantastic images with highly detailed descriptions, feature articles and more.

    Gathered here are some standout photographs from the collections in the Earth Observatory over the past years.



    The East African volcano Nyiragongo accounts for 20 percent of all recorded eruptions in Africa. The volcano sits along the edge of the Western Rift, part of a giant crack in the Earth’s crust that runs for thousands of miles from the Middle East southward to central Africa.




    The alpine lakes of the Tibetan Plateau are some of the most remote in the world. This mosaic of astronaut photographs, taken along a single International Space Station orbit track, depicts Lake Puma Yumco during the winter season. The lake is located at an elevation of 5,030 meters above sea level (16,503 feet), and is considered ultraoligotrophic, meaning that nutrient concentrations in both the water column and lake sediments are extremely low. The most striking feature of the image mosaic is the intricate ice block pattern on the lake surface.




    The Arabian Peninsula's Empty Quarter, known as Rub' al Khali, is the world's largest sand sea, holding about half as much sand as the Sahara Desert. The Empty Quarter covers 583,000 square kilometers (225,000 square miles), and stretches over parts of Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, and the United Arab Emirates. The Enhanced Thematic Mapper on NASA's Landsat 7 satellite captured this image of the Empty Quarter on August 26, 2001.




    The Dasht-e Kevir, or Great Salt Desert, is the largest desert in Iran. It is primarily uninhabited wasteland, composed of mud and salt marshes covered with crusts of salt that protect the meager moisture from completely evaporating.




    Even the most snow-covered place on Earth has patches of snow-free ground. In Antarctica, a series of parallel valleys lie between the Ross Sea and the East Antarctic Ice Sheet. Known as the Dry Valleys, they are swept free of snow by nearly relentless katabatic winds - cold, dry air that rolls downhill toward the sea from the high altitudes of the ice sheet. The Dry Valleys harbor a collection of glaciers and ice-covered lakes. This false-color image was captured by the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) on NASA's Terra satellite on November 29, 2000.




    Cheju Island, alternately known as Chejudo or Jejudo, is an oval-shaped volcanic landmass covering 1,845 square kilometers (712 square miles) off the southern tip of the Korean Peninsula. Geologists estimate the island’s age at 2 million years, and archaeological finds suggest that people have lived on the island since prehistoric times. Today, Cheju is both a tourist attraction and home to a United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage site.




    South of Khartoum, Sudan, where the White and Blue Nile Rivers join, a dizzying arrangement of irrigated fields stretches out across the state of El Gezira. The several bare-looking patches are small villages. This image was captured by the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) on NASA's Terra satellite on December 25, 2006.




    Deriba Caldera is a geologically young volcanic structure located at the top of the Marra Mountains of western Sudan. The Marra Mountains are part of a large geologic feature known as the Darfur Dome. The dome appears to be the result of a mantle plume, which is a fixed “hotspot” in the Earth’s mantle (the layer of Earth below the crust). The mantle plume heated the crust from below, leading to uplift of the crust and providing a magma source for the extensive volcanism observed in the region. The 5-kilometer-wide Deriba Caldera was formed by explosive eruption of the Jebel Marra Volcano approximately 3,500 years ago. The volcano is considered dormant, rather than extinct, as hot springs and fumaroles (gas and steam vents) are still present.




    This image, captured on January 21, 2005, shows just how close this two icy giants came to each other. At upper left is the tip of the Drygalski Ice Tongue, while at bottom is the northernmost portion of the B-15A iceberg. The distance between them was less than 5 kilometers on this day.




    Green circles in the desert frequently indicate tracts of agriculture supported by center-pivot irrigation. The Al Khufrah Oasis in southeastern Libya (near the Egyptian border) is one of Libya’s largest agricultural projects, and is an easy-to-recognize landmark for orbiting astronauts aboard the International Space Station.




    Cloudless skies allowed a clear view of Tibet in mid-December 2008. The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) flying onboard NASA's Terra satellite captured this true-color, image on December 18, 2008. Snow caps some mountain peaks, and ice partially covers some lakes in this high-altitude region, nicknamed the "Roof of the World."




    During the last ice age, Canada's Akimiski Island was buried under several thousand meters of ice, but since its retreat, the island has rebounded (risen in elevation) and new beach areas have emerged, streams and lakes have formed, and trees and other vegetation have colonized the new territory. This image of Akimiski Island was captured by the Landsat 7 satellite on August 9, 2000.




    Houses and streets in bustling Las Vegas, Nevada are seen in this image from the commercial IKONOS satellite taken in September of 2004.




    The Bear Glacier on the Kenai Peninsula along the Gulf of Alaska seen by the IKONOS satellite took this on August 8, 2005. This image shows the ablation zone where the glacier is primarily losing ice. Upslope from the lake, the foot of the glacier is riddled with crevasses - cracks in the ice caused by the glacier's movement over a rough surface. Down the middle of the glacier run dark gray stripes. As a glacier moves, it picks up dirt and debris from the rocks it passes. When two glaciers merge, as they have here, the dirt and debris they carry form parallel stripes, or medial moraines, on the ice surface.




    Driven by powerful Santa Ana winds, wildfires raged near Los Angeles, California, in mid-October 2008. Not only did the winds fan the fires’ flames, they also sent the smoke far out to sea.




    Harrat Khaybar in Saudi Arabia contains a wide range of volcanic rock types and spectacular landforms, several of which are represented in this photograph taken by an astronaut abourd the International Space Station on March 31, 2008. Jabal ("mountain" in Arabic) al Qidr is built from several generations of dark, fluid basalt lava flows. Jabal Abyad, in the center of the image, was formed from a more viscous, silica-rich lava classified as a rhyolite.




    This image of forest in the northern Republic of Congo was captured on June 27, 2002, by the commercial satellite Ikonos. Dirt logging roads (orange lines) cross the center of the image. This image is one of hundreds of satellite images from commercial and NASA satellites that scientists from the Woods Hole Research Center used to create a map of logging roads and forest disturbance across 4 million square kilometers of tropical African forests in the three decades proceeding 2003.




    The Southern Patagonian Icefield of Chile and Argentina hosts several spectacular glaciers, including this, the Grey Glacier located in the Torres del Paine National Park in Chile. It begins in the Patagonian Andes Mountains to the west and terminates in three distinct lobes into Grey Lake.




    Two cyclones are seen, after forming in tandem in November 2006. The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) onboard NASA's Terra satellite took this picture of the two cyclones south of Iceland on November 20 (South is up in image).




    A blue-green veil of water tumbles 51 meters over the rocky precipice of the Niagara Falls in this Ikonos image, acquired on August 2, 2004. Every second, more than two million liters of water plummets over the half-circle of the Canadian/Horseshoe portion of the Niagara Falls, shown here, making it one of the world’s largest waterfalls.


  15. #54
    VW Golf 5 Dytzu's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2008
    Location
    iN GoLf
    Posts
    1,573
    Blog Entries
    12

    Default

    10 Most Extreme Places on Earth


    Lut Desert (Iran): hottest place on Earth at 159 °F (71 °C)




    There is a big discussion about the hottest spot on Earth. Many believe it is in Al Azizyah, Libya, with a recorded temperature of 136 degrees Fahrenheit (57.8 Celsius), and the second hottest place being in Death Valley, California, USA, where it got up to 134 Fahrenheit in 1913. But according to other sites, a NASA satellite recorded surface temperatures as high as 71 °C (159 °F) in the Lut desert of Iran, supposedly the hottest temperature ever recorded on the surface of Earth. This region, which covers an area of about 480 kilometers, is called Gandom Beriyan (the toasted wheat).


    Mt. Chimborazo (Ecuador): highest point above Earht's center at 20,703 feet (6,310 m) above sea level



    Almost everyone knows that Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world. Climbers from everywhere travel to Everest hoping to earn the distinction of climbing the "World's Highest". The peak of Mount Everest is 8,848 meters (29,028 feet) above sea level. This high elevation gives Mount Everest the distinction of being the mountain with the highest altitude.

    But not many people know about Mt Chimborazo in Ecuador with an altitude of 6,310 meters (20,703 feet), which is less than Mount Everest; however, Chimborazo has the distinction of being the highest mountain above Earth's center. This is because Earth is not a sphere - it is an oblate spheroid. As an oblate spheroid, Earth is widest at its equator. Chimborazo is just one degree south of Earth's equator and at that location it is 6,384 kilometers from Earth's center or about 2 kilometers farther from Earth's center than Mount Everest.

    Ecuadorians find pride in this interesting fact. Nonetheless, Chimborazo cannot compare in difficulty, lack of oxygen, nor in fame, to Mount Everest.


    Tristan de Cunha (UK): most remote inhabited archipelago on Earth at 2,000 miles from the nearest continent




    The most remote inhabited island group in the world, Tristan de Cunha in the southern Atlantic Ocean, is so tiny its main island has no airstrip. Home to 272 people sharing just 8 surnames, inhabitants suffer from hereditary complaints like asthma and glaucoma. Annexed by the United Kingdom in the 1800s, the island's inhabitants have a British postal code and, while they can order things online, it takes a very long time for their orders to arrive. But then, that's the trade off for having your own island settlement some 2,000 miles from the nearest continent.


    Angels Falls (Venezuela): Earth's highest waterfall with 3230 feet (984 m) in height



    Angel Falls (Salto Ángel) in Venezuela is the highest waterfall in the world. The falls are 3230 feet in height with an uninterrupted drop of 2647 feet. Angel Falls are located on a tributary of the Rio Caroni. The falls are formed when the tributary stream falls from the top of Auyantepui (a tepui is a flat-topped structure surrounded by cliffs - similar to a mesa).


    Oymyakon (Russia): coldest inhabited place on Earth at −96.2 °F (−71.2 °C)




    Oymyakon is a village in Oymyakonsky Ulus of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located along the Indigirka River, 30 kilometers (20 mi) northwest of Tomtor on the Kolyma Highway. The population is 800 people. Oymyakon is known as one of the candidates for the Northern Pole of Cold, because on January 26, 1926, a temperature of −71.2 °C (−96.2 °F) was recorded there. This is the lowest recorded temperature for any permanently inhabited location on Earth. It is also the lowest temperature recorded in the Northern hemisphere.

    The lowest temperature ever recorded on Earth was -129 °F in 1983, at the Russian Base Vostok in Antarctica.


    The Dry Valleys (Antarctica): driest place on Earth



    One interior region of the Antarctic is known as The Dry Valleys. These valleys have not seen rainfall in over two million years. With the exception of one valley, whose lakes are briefly filled with water by inland flowing rivers during the summer, the Dry Valleys contain no moisture (water, ice, or snow). The reasons why the Dry Valleys exist are the 200 mph Katabatic down winds which evaporate all moisture. The dry valleys are strange: except for a few steep rocks they are the only continental part of Antarctica devoid of ice. Located in the Trans-Antarctic Range, they correspond to a mountain area where evaporation (or rather, sublimation) is more important than snowfall, thus all the ice disappears, leaving dry barren land.

    Another driest place is the Atacama Desert in Chile, some parts of which have received absolutely zero precipitation in centuries. Parts of the Atacama Desert may actually exceed the dryness of most of Antarctica, though data from the latter is insufficient to tell.


    Marianas Trench (Indonesia and Japan): lowest point on Earth at 35,840 feet (10,924 m) below sea level



    Challenger Deep in the Mariana Trench (or Marianas Trench) is the deepest point in Earth's oceans. The bottom there is 10,924 meters (35,840 feet) below sea level. If Mount Everest, the highest mountain on Earth, were placed at this location it would be covered by over one mile of water. The only people to have ever explored this trench were Jacques Piccard and Don Walsh. At the bottom they were seven miles down and all around them eight tons of pressure. They observed fish, shrimp and other creatures living on the bottom of the sea floor.


    Lloro (Colombia): wettest place on Earth



    Lloro, Colombia, gets an average of 40 feet of rain a year. The people who live there make money by cutting down the trees in the nearby forest where you can count on its raining every day. Again, there is a discussion about this fact. Cherrapunji, North-Eastern India was thought for many years to be the wettest place in the world. Here 10,820mm rain falls on average in a year, well short of the amount from Lloro. Unlike Colombia where the rain falls throughout the whole year, Cherrapunji gets most of its rain during the 'south-west monsoon', or wet season, between June and August. Cherrapunji does hold the record for the wettest month on record, recording 9,296mm in July 1861. Actually, between 1860 and 1862 Cherrapunji was incredibly wet; between August 1st 1860 and July 31st 1861 (which overlaps parts of 2 wet seasons) 26,467mm rain fell. In the calendar year 1861 22,987mm rain fell, of which 22,454 fell between April and September.

    So, which is wetter? It really depends on measurement practice and procedures and the period being measured!


    Mount Thor (Canada): Earth's greatest vertical drop




    Mount Thor, in Auyuittuq National Park on Baffin Island, Nunavut, Canada, presents a 4,100 foot pure vertical drop. Mt. Thor is Canada's most famous peak, and it's made of pure granite. It's a favorite of thrill seekers and climbers. Mount Thor was first climbed in 1953 by an Arctic Institute of North America team. There have been a few recent rappel expeditions, with one fatality in 2006.


    Dead Sea (Jordan): Earth's lowest elevation at 1,385 ft (422 mt) below sea level



    The Dead Sea is the lowest elevation on Earth's surface on dry land, its surface and shores are 422 meters (1,385 ft) below sea level. On the border of Jordan and Israel, the road around the Dead Sea also happens to be the lowest road on Earth. Famous for its salinity (over ten times that of the Mediterranean Sea), the Dead Sea is said to be home of the first health retreat. Because of the extreme salt content, no life can survive in the sea, hence the name.


  16. #55
    VW Golf 5 Dytzu's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2008
    Location
    iN GoLf
    Posts
    1,573
    Blog Entries
    12

    Default

    10 Most Fascinating Deserts


    Taklamakan (Central Asia): a desert covered with snowfall



    Taklamakan is one of the largest sandy deserts in the world, ranking 15th in size in a ranking of the world's largest non-polar deserts. It covers an area of 270,000 km2 (100,000 sq mi) of the Tarim Basin, 1,000 kilometres (620 mi) long and 400 kilometres (250 mi) wide. It is crossed at its northern and at its southern edges by two branches of the Silk Road as travelers sought to avoid the arid wasteland.

    In 2008, China's biggest desert experienced its biggest snowfall and lowest temperature after 11 consecutive days of snow. Snow is rare in the desert that covered 337,600 square kilometers, never before had the whole desert been covered.


    Lençóis Maranhenses (Brazil): a ‘desert' with lagoons



    It seems incredible, but in a country that keeps around 30% of the fresh water and shelters the largest rain forest in the world, we can find a “desert”. Located in the State of Maranhão, on the north shore of Brazil, the Lençóis Maranhenses National Park is an area of about 300 square kilometers (155,000 ha) of blinding white dunes and deep blue lagoons, forming one of the most beautiful and unique places in the world. The dunes invade the continent over 50km (31 miles) from the cost, creating a landscape that reminds a white bed sheet, when seen from above.

    But you may ask: -Lagoons?? You told me it was a desert… Yes, what defers this region from a desert is the amount of rain that drops over the dunes, creating ponds of crystal clear water on the depression between dunes. Despite its desert-like appearance, Lençóis Maranhenses records an annual rainfall of 1,600mm (i.e. 62.9 inches), 300 times more than in the Sahara. During the period of drought, the lagoons evaporate and become completely dried. After the rainy season, the lagoons are home of many species of fish, turtles and clams. The mystery in this story lies in the fact that when the lagoons fill up, life comes back, as if they had never left the place. One of the hypotheses to explain the phenomenon is that the eggs of the fish and crabs are maintained alive in the sand, exploding when rain comes back.


    Salar de Uyuni (Bolivia): the world's largest salt desert



    The Salar is one of the iconic images of Bolivia, a massive salt desert in the middle of the Altiplano. It is an expansive, virtually flat desert that reflects the sun in such a way as to create a mirror effect with the sky. There are several lakes in the desert with strange colours from the mineral deposits in the region.

    Some 40,000 years ago, the area was part of Lake Minchin, a giant prehistoric lake. When the lake dried, it left behind two modern lakes, Poopó Lake and Uru Uru Lake, and two major salt deserts, Salar de Coipasa and the larger Uyuni. Uyuni is roughly 25 times the size of the Bonneville Salt Flats in the United States. It is estimated to contain 10 billion tons of salt, from which less than 25,000 tons is extracted annually.


    Farafra (Egypt): the white desert






    A main geographic attraction of Farafra is its White Desert (known as 'Sahara el Beyda,' with the word 'sahara' meaning a desert). The White Desert of Egypt is located 45 km (30 miles) north of Farafra. The desert has a white, cream color (it is truly white, in clear contrast with the yellow deserts elsewhere) and has massive chalk rock formations that have been created as a result of occasional sandstorms in the area.


    Atacama (Chile): the flourished desert




    The Atacama Desert occupies the largest amount of the Chilean territory located north of the 29th parallel. The area located on the coast between Arica and Antofagasta appears in the Guinness Book of World Records as the driest place in the world. Nevertheless, to the south of the Tropic of Capricorn, the desert becomes kinder towards living beings. The coastal mists, "camanchacas", are more abundant south of Antofagasta and bring the humidity necessary for the maintenance of the coastal scenic vegetation. Many plants survive mainly because of the "camanchaca", and the harsh savings of water, in normal dry years, that causes them to delay important functions such as growth, to favor survival and reproduction.


    Namib (Namibia): the only desert with elephants



    South of Africa lies the Namib desert. which is less vast than the Sahara but just as impressive. It forms part of the Namib-Naukluft National Park with neighbouring Angola. The Sossusvlei sand dunes are the highest in the world, some towering at 300m high and if you are lucky enough, you can stumble across desert elephants-the Namib is the only desert in the world to have elephants. Apparently the oldest desert in the world, myriad species of plants and animals can only be found here. The Namib has fascinated geologists for years but it remains very little understood to this day. Off the coast, strong southerly winds with fogs and strong currents cause sailors to lose their way; the north coast has been named 'Skeleton Coast' due to the amount of shipwrecks found there, some of which can be found as much as 50m inland, as the desert slowly takes over the ocean as it moves westwards.


    Simpson Desert (Australia): the red sand desert



    Australia is home to four large deserts, popularized by Mad Max: Sturt's Stoney Desert, Tanami Desert, the Great Victoria Desert and the Simpson Desert, which is also known as 'The Big Red' due to the presence of dunes of red sand. The Simpson Desert is an erg which contains the world's longest parallel sand dunes. These north-south oriented dunes are static, held in position by vegetation. They vary in height from 3 metres in the west to around 30 metres on the eastern side. The most famous dune, Nappanerica, or, more popularly, Big Red (named by Simpson Desert traveller Dennis Bartell), is 40 metres in height.


    The Black Desert (Egypt): the desert with black stones



    Located 100km northeast of the White desert, the Black Desert is a region of volcano-shaped mountains with large quantities of small black stones. The stones lie out across the orange-brown ground, so that it is not quite as black as many people may hope for. Especially after visiting the White Desert, which has formations that are really white, many will imagine a desert as dramatic as this. Climbing one of the many soft peeks, the view from the top is really nice, with similar peeks continuing on into the haze. The Black Desert is uninhabited.


    Antarctica: world's driest and wettest desert



    Antarctica is a land of extremes. It's not inhabited year round by humans because it's simply too freezing cold. In 1983 scientists recorded extreme cold temperatures as low as -129 Fahrenheit. It's also the wettest place on Earth, but simultaneously the driest. The reason it's the “wettest” is not because of rainfall; since Antarctica is covered by 98% ice, it's technically very wet. However since it's also the aforementioned coldest place in the world, it gets very little precipitation – less than 2 inches a year. Which makes Antarctica a desert. A brutally cold ice desert with a massive trench full of even more…ice. Three for the price of one!


    Sahara (North Africa): world's largest desert




    The Sahara, with a size of 8.6 million km², is the world's largest desert, covering large parts of North Africa. Around 4 million people live there. Its maximum length is 4,800 km, running from west to east, and up to 1,200 km from north to south. Sahara covers most of Mauritania, Western Sahara, Algeria, Libya, Egypt, Sudan, Chad, Niger and Mali, and touches Morocco and Tunisia.

    Sahara is very dry but there is an annual rainfall in most regions, although just a few dozen millimetres.
    Last edited by Dytzu; 08-17-2009 at 02:24 PM.


  17. #56
    VW Golf 5 Dytzu's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2008
    Location
    iN GoLf
    Posts
    1,573
    Blog Entries
    12

    Default

    10 Fascinating Swimming Pools


    World's biggest swimming pool



    If you like doing laps in the swimming pool, you might want to stock up on the energy drinks before diving in to this one. It is more than 1,000 yards long, covers 20 acres, has a 115ft deep end and holds 66 million gallons of water. The Guinness Book of Records named the vast pool beside the sea in Chile as the biggest in the world. This pool took five years to build, cost nearly £1billion and the annual maintenance bill will be £2million. Its turquoise waters are so crystal clear that you can see the bottom even in the deep end. It dwarfs the world's second biggest pool, the Orthlieb, nicknamed the Big Splash, in Morocco, which is a mere 150 yards long and 100 yards wide. An Olympic size pool measures some 50 yards by 25 yards.


    Devil's pool



    Victoria Falls is on the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe. It is 360 feet tall. At the top is a natural rock pool, called Devil's Pool, where the water is relatively calm. From September to December, when the water level is low, you can swim in Devil's Pool. The pictures are bound to make you just a little nervous. Or a lot.


    Hanging pool



    This architecturally-daring pool, designed by Architexas, sits atop The Joule hotel in Dallas, Texas. Ten stories above the ground, the pool projects eight feet over the edge of the building and hangs directly above Main Street, giving dippers dazzling downtown views.


    World's largest indoor swimming pool



    “Ocean Dome”, located in Miyazaki, it's the biggest indoor swimming pool in the world. It's 300 meters long and 100 meters wide, and it's located 500 meter from the sea. The temperature inside the pavilion is always around 30 degrees, the roof is sky-blue and it has even “clouds”. It has an artificial volcano and also an artificial wave generation system.


    World's most crowded wave pool



    Don't believe the photo above? This incredibly crowded wave pool is located in Tokyo Summerland. During summer, it can get really hard to actually fin some water inside this pool.


    Blood-red pool



    The island of Koh Samui's infamous Chaweng Beach is littered with hotels, but none of them comes close to the Library in terms of that all-out beach bliss-out factor. This elegant and modern boutique hotel is most remarkable for its amazing blood-red pool and the tall trees that seem to grow in, around and through the building. The aforementioned red pool serves as the focal point, with daybeds, Thai antiques, and an open air mini-library.


    Playboy's swimming pool



    The new Hugh Hefner Sky Villa at the Palms Las Vegas includes this Playboy pool at the top of the tower. The swimming pool is inside and the whirlpool is outside, both with amazing views of the Strip. The swimming pool covers two acres, with a DJ, outdoor concerts, three bars and twenty-seven private cabanas with a 32" flat-screen TV, refrigerator and fan.


    World's deepest indoor swimming pool



    The Nemo 33 diving pool in Belgium is, oddly enough, over 33 meters deep. It is filled with 2,500,000 liters of non-chlorinated, highly filtered spring water maintained at 30 °C (86 °F) and contains several simulated underwater caves at the 10 m depth level. There are numerous underwater windows that allow outside visitors to look into the pools at various depths.


    The global warming swimming pool



    No, New York is not underwater (yet, anyhow) – that's a clever ad for HSBC by Ogilvy & Mather Mumbai ad agency in India. The bank wanted to raise awareness of the dangers of global warming, so the clever ad guys glued an aerial photo of a city's skyscrapers to the base of a swimming pool … the effect of a submerged cityscape is fantastic!


    Infinity indoor pool



    This is a cool infinity pool that looks out over a breathtaking skyline from several stories up. This is definitely a great place to enjoy the sunset at the Crown Towers Hotel in Taipa Island Macau.


  18. The Following User Says Thank You to Dytzu For This Useful Post:

    florin1666 (09-13-2009)

  19. #57
    VW Golf 5 Dytzu's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2008
    Location
    iN GoLf
    Posts
    1,573
    Blog Entries
    12

    Default

    10 of the World's Most Unusual Prisons


    San Pedro Prison (Bolivia): where inmates have to ‘buy' their cells



    San Pedro prison, the biggest in Bolivia's main city, La Paz, is home to about 1,500 inmates. Once you pass the thick walls and the security gates, any resemblance to a normal jail disappears: there are children playing, market stalls, restaurants, hairdressers and even a hotel. It looks more like the streets of El Alto, Bolivia's poorest neighborhood that sprawls on the outskirts of La Paz, than a prison. There are no guards, no uniforms or metal bars on the cell windows. This relative freedom comes at a price: inmates have to pay for their cells, so most of them have to work inside the jail, selling groceries or working in the food stalls.

    "If you have money you can live like a king," an inmate told me. Money can buy you accommodation in the "posh" sections of the prison – one of the best is Los Pinos. Here, cells are spacious and have private bathrooms, kitchen and cable TV. Outside, they have billiard tables, kiosks selling fresh juice, and food stalls. Cells cost between $1,000 and $1,500 and are bought for the duration of an inmate's sentence.In the poor areas of the prison, inmates have to share small cells.


    Cebu Prison (Philippines): meet the world's most famous dancing inmates



    Nothing says entertainment quite like murderers, drug dealers and sex offenders dancing to pop music in unison. Likely you've seen at least one of the viral videos posted online from Cebu prison in the Philippines - their "Thriller" video was ranked fifth in Time magazine's list of Top 10 Viral Videos. The dancing is the unnatural evolution of the exercise program at the prison. While most facilities are content to let felons run around, play basketball, lift weights or knife each other, the warden at Cebu wanted discipline. And, after being inspired by a scene from "The Shawshank Redemption," he felt music needed to be involved. Around 1,500 prisoners can contribute to the performances and they also tend to perform at charitable or cultural events and get paid for their work. The prison also does live shows, after which spectators can have their pictures taken with some of the inmates and buy souvenir T-shirts.


    Justizzentrum Leoben (Austria): a 5-star prison



    Beautiful glass and stainless steel office building? Nope – that's a five-star prison in Styria, Austria! If you look at these figures comparing crime in Austria and crime in the U.S. you'll notice something odd: although the U.S. has higher crime rates in virtually every category (murder, forcible rape, robbery, aggravated assault, etc…) the Austrians triumph in one category: burglary. But why? Why is the rate of burglaries in Austria a whopping 40% higher than in the U.S.? I'll tell you why: because Austrian minimum security prisons are f—ing awesome! If you're in Austria, and have a working brain, you should be trying to get into one right now!


    Kresty Prison (Russia): world's most overcrowded prison



    Russia's prisons have a reputation for being the most overcrowded on earth, especially Kresty Prison in St. Petersburg. The official capacity is set at 3,000, but the actual population is always at least 10,000. Each prisoner is also said to only be allowed 4 square meters of space each and 15 minutes a week (a week!) to shower. In summer 2006 Vladimir Putin announced that the prison would be relocated to a new facility in the Kolpinsky District on the outskirts of Saint Petersburg. After the relocation is complete the Kresty building will be sold at auction. It is anticipated that the prison building will be transferred into a hotel-entertainment complex.


    Sark Prison (Guernsey): world's smallest prison



    Sark Prison is located on the Island of Sark in Guernsey, was built in 1856 and is apparently the smallest in the world. it can house 2 prisoners at a push and is still used for overnight stays - if you continue to play up after that you'll get shipped off to a proper grown-up jail with corridors and staff.


    ADX (Colorado): the Super-maximum security prison



    The United States Penitentiary Administrative Maximum Facility (ADX) is a supermax prison in Florence, Colorado, USA. This is the ultimate prison, literally. Since it opened in 1994, ADX is nothing but slow and inhumane torture. Inmates are only allowed out of their cells for 9 hours a week and barely interact with anyone. There's hardly any sunlight and you have to do everything in your cell. Prisoners are served meals in their cells. The room is mostly poured concrete which ensures the furniture can't be moved or even humped comfortably. The toilet will shut off if someone tries to plug it and showers work on a timer to cut back on potential flooding. ADX is a prison intended for the worst felons the country has to offer.


    Aranjuez Prison (Spain): a prison with cosy family cells



    Welcome to a jail Spain says is the only the one in the world with cell units for families: Disney characters on the walls, a nursery, a playground for toddlers. The idea is for kids to bond with their imprisoned parents while young enough to be oblivious to their surroundings, and for inmates seeking rehabilitation to learn parenting skills. The prison in this town 40 kilometers (25 miles) south of Madrid has 36 cell units for families, although now only 16 are occupied, most with Latin Americans. The units of the special F-1 section are known in jail jargon as ‘five-star cells'.


    Bastoey Island low security prison (Norway): first ecological prison



    Although criminals have been found guilty for some horrendous crimes against humanity and put behind bars, there still lies a chance for 'em to show their goodness for our planet at the world's first ecological prison. Although the idea of a eco-friendly prisons isn't widespread, a small island tucked away in Norway has managed to bring the fresh green change at the Bastoey prison. The Bastoey Island low security prison uses solar panels for energy, produces most of its own food, recycles everything it can and tries to reduce its carbon footprint. The solar panels have cut the prison's electricity needs by up to 70 percent. Hoping to install a sense of responsibility in their inmates, the authorities aim to instill a strong sense of responsibility towards mankind and our environment as well.

    If inmates at this prison do porridge, it is organic porridge. For it is not only recreational drugs that are banned, pesticides are too. Bastoey has also tapped grants from environmental bodies to help it produce high-quality food. Though most of the food is used in the kitchen there, surplus is sold to other prisons too. Touted as the island of hope, this prison has also gained international media attention for its living conditions, resembling a summer camp with activities like tennis, horse riding, and even swimming in the summer, when the North Sea waters warm up. Isn't it inviting? Maybe this eco friendly luxuriously prison lifestyle is going to tempt many to commit a crime to gain an entry to the ‘island of hope'.


    Cereso Chetumal (Mexico): where inmates solve their problems boxing



    CERESO Chetumal is a unique prison that has seen no violence in ten years and that has an excellent arts/crafts program that teaches the prisoners and sells to tourists. According to Warden Victor Terazzas, "when there is a disagreement, we have the inmates involved put on the gloves and get into the boxing ring, after about two rounds the dispute is over."

    The about 1100 inmates are often said no to want to leave the jail because of the easy life they have inside: a great menu that includes eggs for breakfast, cultural activity with men and woman and are also allowed to take long naps. Not to mention the VIP cells.

    Alcatraz (California): world's most famous prison



    Alcatraz Island, sometimes informally referred to as simply Alcatraz or locally as the Rock, is a small island located in the middle of San Francisco Bay in California, United States. It served as a lighthouse, then a military fortification, then a military prison followed by a federal prison until 1963. It became a national recreation area in 1972 and received landmarking designations in 1976 and 1986. Today, the island is a historic site operated by the National Park Service as part of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area and is open to tours. During its 29 years of operation, the penitentiary claimed no prisoners as ever having successfully escaped.


  20. #58
    VW Golf 5 Dytzu's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2008
    Location
    iN GoLf
    Posts
    1,573
    Blog Entries
    12

    Default

    Hoteluri de lux din lume si “minunile” lor


    Lux, confort, vechime, clasa, spatiu, avangarda, oricare dintre aceste cuvinte ar putea descrie perfect politica celor mai pretentioase gazde ale lumii – proprietarii hotelurilor de lux. Gandite pentru a satisface si cele mai exigente gusturi, hotelurile de lux duc o continua lupta ierarhica, alimentata permanent de ultimele gaselnite din domeniul arhitecturii, designului interior sau tehnologiei. Tocmai din aceasta cauza, fruntasii topurilor se schimba mereu. In articolul de fata va veti intalni cu doar cativa dintre reprezentantii acestei lumi, care si-au pastrat specificul deoesebit, chiar daca intre timp au fost detronati de “tinerii” care vin cu putere din spate.


    Burj Al Arab, Dubai, Emiratele Arabe Unite - lux la inaltime



    Unul dintre cele mai inalte hoteluri ale lumii, cotat la sapte stele, a fost ridicat pe o insula in intregime artificiala, aflata la o distanta de 280 de metri de mal. Asa cum era de asteptat, a fost construit pentru a fi unul dintre cele mai luxoase hoteluri din lume, dotat cu o platforma generoasa pentru masinile Rolls Royce si cu o pista de aterizare pentru elicoptere, care, atunci cand nu este folosita, poate servi drept teren de tenis…Este drept, unul la mare inaltime…

    Burj Al Arab este localizat in Dubai, Emiratele Arabe Unite, si este cea de-a doua cladire ca inaltime din lume utilizata exclusiv drept hotel. Pe primul loc se afla structura hotelului din Pyongyang, Coreea de Nord, care este cu 9 metri mai inalta, in vreme ce Turnul Rose, aflat de asemenea in Dubai, devine cel mai inalt hotel din lume cu o inaltime de 333 metri.



    Structura sa conica, creata special pentru a reflecta transformarea urbanistica a Dubaiului, simbolizeaza panzele umflate de vant ale unei ambarcatiuni maritime. Burj al Arab este conectat de tarm printr-un pod curbat. Constructia hotelului a inceput in 1994, iar designul sau arhitectural a urmarit sa redea cat mai bine specificul local: un dhow, vas cu specific arabesc, ale carei panze sunt umflate de vantul ce ii usureaza calatoria.

    Imaginea unei ambarcatiuni in miscare simbolizeaza progresul si evolutia, transformarea pozitiva prin excelenta. Unul dintre arhitectii implicati in proiect a declarat ca clientul isi dorea o constructie iconica, care sa devina un simbol al Dubaiului, intocmai cum este Turnul Eiffel pentru Paris sau Opera pentru Sydney. Aceasta dorinta ambitioasa i-a costat pe proprietari suma de 650 de milioane de dolari americani, insa visul lor a devenit realitate. Din ce in ce mai des, obisnuim sa asociem imaginea avangardista a acestui hotel cu Dubai si cu prosperitatea si modernismul secolului XXI.




    Hotelul si Cazinoul The Palazzo Resort, Las Vegas, SUA - camere cat vezi cu ochii

    Las Vegas este celebru pentru viata sa de noapte agitata, dar mai ales pentru miile de cazinouri pe care le adaposteste intre peretii sai. O Fata Morgana a castigului facil, Las Vegas atrage anual milioane de turisti ademeniti de lumini, bani si promisiunea luxului.



    Dintre toate hotelurile din zona, Palazzo Resort si Venetian Hotel, care impart aceesi licenta, par a fi cei mai pregatiti pentru aceste "situatii de urgenta" care tin tot anul. Cu un numar de 8108 camere, Palazzo a devenit hotelul cu cele mai mare numar de camere din emisfera vestica.

    Hotel si cazino, Palazzo a fost construit in spiritul designului european modern si este inchinat, fara doar si poate, luxului. De altfel, acest lucru se reflecta perfect im costurile constructiei, care au atins pragul de 1,8 miliarde de dolari americani. Desi astazi numele de Palazzo a devenit mai rezonant decat cel al fratelui sau siamez, in realitate, aceasta constructie adiacenta a fost gandita ca o extensie a cazinoului si hotelului original The Venetian din suburbia orasului Las Vegas.




    Grand Resort Lagonissi, Atena, Grecia - luxul se plateste


    "Crème de la crème" si unul dintre cele mai scumpe complexe hoteliere din Grecia, Lagonissi este si cel care pana nu demult, inchiria camera cu cel mai ridicat pret din lume.

    In ceea ce priveste industria hoteliera, recordul care incepe cu "cea mai scumpa… " se schimba destul de des. Pana de curand titlul era detinut de Royal Villa din cadrul resortului Lagonissi din Atena, unde pretul pe zi este de 50.000 de dolari. In momentul de fata, acesta a fost declasat de catre un alt hotel, elvetian de aceasta data, care inchiriaza apartamentul special cu vedere la lacul Geneva prin geamurile securizate la pretul de 53.000 dolari pe zi.



    In Grecia, la Royal Villa oaspetii se bucura de un maxim de confort si lux: bai de marmura, piscina si terasa proprie cu vedere la Marea Egee, un majordom dedicat, un bucatar propriu, un pianist si un atrenor personal. De altfel, luxul este tema principala a intregului resort. Acesta este locul in care industriasii bogati aterizeaza cu elicopterul si in care starurile de la Hollywood apar discret, iesind din limuzinele inchiriate.




    Palatul Emiratelor, Abu Dhabi, Emiratele Arabe Unite - in spiritul epocii de altadata

    Hotelul Palatul Emiratelor, deschis publicului in 2005, a devenit in scurt timp cea mai scumpa constructie hoteliera, cu costuri totale de pana la 3 miliarde de dolari. Argintul, aurul si marmura au fost utilizate in constructia celor 394 de camere de hotel si a celor 1002 candelabre ornate cu cristale Swarovski. Hotelul gazduieste terenuri de fotbal, o plaja intinsa, un elicopter si cateva piscine, dintre care una este o cascada care se continua sub forma unui rau.



    Hotelul din Abu Dhabi este unul dintre cele mai luxoase din Estul Mijlociu. Oaspetii au la dispozitie 302 camere, dintre care 92 apartamente, iar vederea este la alegere: catre gradina, piscina sau ocean. Decoratiunile camerelor respecta stilul traditional regal, in care tehnologia moderna a fost integrata, fara a face insa nota discordanta.




    Grand Hyatt, Shanghai, China - in cuibul berzei, o priveliste de neuitat

    Grand Hyatt din Shanghai este unul dintre hotelurile "cocotate" la cele mai mari inaltimi, avand avantajul suprem al unei panorame unice asupra orasului.

    Hotelul ocupa etajele superioare ale turnului Jin Mao, mai exact zona dintre etajele 53 si 87. Aflat in centrul Pudong-ului, districtul financiar si de afaceri al Shanghai-ului, hotelul ofera acces facil catre Bursa Shanghai, catre Shanghai World Financial Centre sau catre International Convention Centre. De altfel, complexul este localizat la doar 50 de minute de aeroportul principal.



    Ca orice complex de lux care se respecta, la Grand Hyatt nu lipseste clubul exclusivist de spa si fitness. Fiecare camera este "dotata" si cu o panorama exceptionala asupra orasului, care pare sa nu doarma niciodata. Din patul confortabil, oaspetele poate urmari traseul sinuos al raului Huangpu sau linia orizontului scaldata in culorile bogate ale apusului.




    Grand Hills Hotel and Spa, Beirut, Liban - spatiu, confort, natura

    Localizat intre dealuri pitoresti, la o inaltime de 750 de metri deasupra nivelului marii, Grand Hills Hotel & Spa isi imparte elogiile intre grandoarea montana si farmecul coastei aurii a Beirutului.

    Hotelul a fost gandit intr-un mod inedit, care iese din tiparul hotelurilor de lux pe care obisnuim sa le admiram in fotografii sau in brosurile de prezentare. In loc de lux pretentios, aici veti regasi un complex creat sub forma unui sat, in care pietonii au tot timpul prioritate. Atmosfera linistita si prietenoasa este marca obisnuita a gazdelor, la care se adauga acea "art de vivre" care face ca luxul sa rimeze cu confortul.



    Nu va lasati pacaliti de acesta fatada! Hotelul de cinci stele are o capacitate de 118 camere si apartamente, la care se adauga 52 de apartamente, 12 restaurante si baruri, un club de noapte si desigur, un complex spa. In rest, fantani, cursuri discrete de apa si cascade care stralucesc in soare, iar in jur balcoane acoperite cu flori, vegetatie si mici potecute care te invita la o plimbare in natura.

    Cu toata aceasta atmosfera feerica, complexul gazduieste cea mai mare camera de hotel din lume, in cadrul apartamentului regal, care se intinde pe o inaltime de sase etaje. Pentru creatorii acestui spatiu, hotelul reprezinta dovada suprema ca luxul, confortul si natura pot convietui in acelasi spatiu, fara a-si stirbi din autoritate sau frumusete.



  21. #59
    VW Golf 5 Dytzu's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2008
    Location
    iN GoLf
    Posts
    1,573
    Blog Entries
    12

    Default

    Icehotel, Jukkaskarvi, Suedia - arta intr-un cub de gheata

    Ne-am obisnuit ca hotelul pe care il alegem pentru petrecerea vacantei de iarna sa ne ofere facilitatile "sine qua non", printre care se numara, bineinteles, si caldura. Cu toate acestea, cateva minti sclipitoare s-au gandit sa creeze un hotel numai din gheata, si lucru curios, utilizarea acestui material de constructie nonconformist nu i-a tinut pe turisti si pe curiosi la distanta.

    Cel mai rece hotel din lume, Hotelul de Gheata, se afla (cum altfel?) in Suedia. Camerele sunt construite in exclusivitate din gheata si zapada si infrumusetate cu sculpturi si obiecte de decor create manual. Evident, din gheata. Pentru mentinerea intregii constructii, temperaturile variaza intre cinci si opt grade.



    Daca despre alte hoteluri putem spune ca sunt deschise intre anumite perioade, despre hotelul de gheata putem spune ca exista in anumite perioade ale anului. Acesta se deschide in luna decembrie si se "topeste" in luna aprilie a fiecarui an. In realitate, constructia este reluata in fiecare an, in vreme ce primavara aceasta este dezmembrata, iar gheata si o mare parte din materiale sunt depozitate in locuri speciale, pentru a fi reutilizate anul urmator. Hotelul de Gheata din Suedia este primul de acest fel din lume, chiar daca nu mai este singurul.

    A fost creat initial ca spatiu de vernisaj pentru obiecte de arta si de decor perisabile, facute din gheata. Cu o astfel de ocazie, locurile de cazare din localitate s-au ocupat, iar turistii care au ramas fara adapost au cerut permisiunea sa doarma in galeria de arta. De aici pana la ridicarea unui hotel in intregime din gheata (chiar si paharele de la bar sunt facute din acelasi material!) nu a mai fost decat un pas.




    Hoshi Ryokan, Komatsu, Japonia - 1.300 de ani in slujba clientului

    Cel mai vechi hotel al lumii, Hoshi Ryokan, opereaza de mai bine de 1300 de ani neintrerupt. Asezarea si-a deschis portile pentru prima data in anul 718 si a fost pastrata in aceeasi familie timp de 46 de generatii.

    In hotelul ce numara 100 de camere, accentul este pus pe confortul si pe starea de bine a oaspetului. Conform Cartii Recordurilor, pe langa titlul de "cel mai vechi hotel din lume", Hoshi mai are o calitate inedita: este cea mai veche companie, ca perioada de functionare, din lume, dupa ce concurentul principal, Kongo Gumi, s-a inchis in 2006.



    O legenda veche japoneza incearca sa explice miracolul existentei de peste 1300 de ani a unei constructii umane, in spiritul intelepciunii japoneze. Se spune ca un mare invatat budist, Taicho Daishi, se afla pe un munte izolat, unde traia cufundat in mediatie. Intr-o noapte, zeitatea Hakusan i-a aparut in vis si i-a transmis ca la 20 de kilometri de baza muntelui se afla un sat numit Awazu. Acolo, va gasi un izvor termal fierbinte, care are puteri tamaduitoare.

    Hakusan ii avertizeaza ca oamenii satului nu sunt la curent cu existenta acestui izvor, insa daca il vor descoperi , acesta ii va servi pe vecie. Taicho a coborat de pe munte si i-a ajutat pe sateni sa scoata la lumina comoara pe care stateau. Bolnavii s-au imbaiat in acea apa si s-au vindecat imediat. Atunci, Taicho i-a ordonat discipolului sau, Garyo Houshi, sa construiasaca pe acel loc un spa pe care sa-l conduca mai departe, pentru ca toti bolnavii sa se bucure de puterea tamaduitoare a izvorului.




    Cel mai bun hotel din lume este Villa d’Este din Italia



    Se afla in apropierea lacului Como, are 140 de ani de istorie in spate si de-a lungului timpului a gazduit “armate” de duci, regi si regine, presedinti de stat, staruri de la Hollywood, scriitori, muzicieni si cantareti.

    Anul acesta, in topul celor mai bune 400 hoteluri de pe planeta, alcatuit de revista Forbes, primul loc a fost atribuit hotelului Villa d’Este din Cernobbio, inaintea (in ordinea numerelor “de pe tricou”) celebrelor Penin¬sula din Bangkok, Mandarin Oriental din Hong Kong, Four Seasons George V din Paris si Burj al Arab din Dubai. Juriul, alcatuit din personalitati din show-business, jurnalisti, scriitori, oameni de televiziune (toti frecventatori ai hotelurilor de lux), a ajuns in unanimitate la concluzia ca hotelul de 5 stele din Cernobbio le ofera pe toate: panorama, arhitectura, frumusete, servicii, istorie, spa, ba chiar si timp frumos in cea mai mare parte a anului.
    Construita in 1568, cladirea a fost transformata in hotel in 1873 si astazi dispune de 152 camere super-luxoase (pretul in sezon este de 900 euro pe noapte). Printre primii clienti ai Villa d’Este s-au numarat Giuseppe Verdi si Giacomo Puccini, iar in cartea de onoare a stabilimentului mai pot fi gasite nume precum Alfred Hitchcock, Leopold al Belgiei, Elizabeth Taylor, Frank Sinatra, Barbra Streisand, Madonna, Mick Jagger, Bruce Springsteen, John Kennedy, Gorbaciov, Churchill, Ava Gardner, sahul Persiei, Maria Callas si Onassis.


    Primul hotel spatial va fi inaugurat in 2012



    In ciuda criticilor cu privire finantarea investitiei si la termenul de finalizare, compania Galactic Suite e hotarata sa gazduiasca primii oaspeti ai hotelului spatial peste trei ani

    Un sejur de trei nopti la hotelul galactic va costa 3 milioane de euro, pretul incluzand si un stagiu de pregatire de 8 saptamani, pe o insula tropicala.

    In timpul sederii in hotelul orbital, oaspetii vor putea vedea de 15 ori rasaritul soarelui si vor face un ocol complet al Pamantului la fiecare 80 de minute.

    Pentru a se deplasa in conditiile lipsei der gravitatie, turistii vor purta costume prevazute cu "arici" (velcro), care le vor permite sa cutreiere prin hotel agatandu-se de pereti, ca Spiderman.

    Presedintele companiei Galactic Suite, cu sediul la Barcelona, Spania, a declarat ca un miliardar anonim, pasionat de explorari spatiale, a donat 3 miliarde USD pentru finantarea proiectului.

    Peste 200 de persoane si-au exprimat deja interesul de a petrece un week-end in hotelul cosmic - Galactic Suite Space Resort - si cel putin 40 de persoane au facut deja rezervari.


  22. #60
    VW Golf 5 Dytzu's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2008
    Location
    iN GoLf
    Posts
    1,573
    Blog Entries
    12

    Default

    Icehotel, Jukkaskarvi, Suedia - arta intr-un cub de gheata

    Ne-am obisnuit ca hotelul pe care il alegem pentru petrecerea vacantei de iarna sa ne ofere facilitatile "sine qua non", printre care se numara, bineinteles, si caldura. Cu toate acestea, cateva minti sclipitoare s-au gandit sa creeze un hotel numai din gheata, si lucru curios, utilizarea acestui material de constructie nonconformist nu i-a tinut pe turisti si pe curiosi la distanta.

    Cel mai rece hotel din lume, Hotelul de Gheata, se afla (cum altfel?) in Suedia. Camerele sunt construite in exclusivitate din gheata si zapada si infrumusetate cu sculpturi si obiecte de decor create manual. Evident, din gheata. Pentru mentinerea intregii constructii, temperaturile variaza intre cinci si opt grade.



    Daca despre alte hoteluri putem spune ca sunt deschise intre anumite perioade, despre hotelul de gheata putem spune ca exista in anumite perioade ale anului. Acesta se deschide in luna decembrie si se "topeste" in luna aprilie a fiecarui an. In realitate, constructia este reluata in fiecare an, in vreme ce primavara aceasta este dezmembrata, iar gheata si o mare parte din materiale sunt depozitate in locuri speciale, pentru a fi reutilizate anul urmator. Hotelul de Gheata din Suedia este primul de acest fel din lume, chiar daca nu mai este singurul.

    A fost creat initial ca spatiu de vernisaj pentru obiecte de arta si de decor perisabile, facute din gheata. Cu o astfel de ocazie, locurile de cazare din localitate s-au ocupat, iar turistii care au ramas fara adapost au cerut permisiunea sa doarma in galeria de arta. De aici pana la ridicarea unui hotel in intregime din gheata (chiar si paharele de la bar sunt facute din acelasi material!) nu a mai fost decat un pas.




    Hoshi Ryokan, Komatsu, Japonia - 1.300 de ani in slujba clientului

    Cel mai vechi hotel al lumii, Hoshi Ryokan, opereaza de mai bine de 1300 de ani neintrerupt. Asezarea si-a deschis portile pentru prima data in anul 718 si a fost pastrata in aceeasi familie timp de 46 de generatii.

    In hotelul ce numara 100 de camere, accentul este pus pe confortul si pe starea de bine a oaspetului. Conform Cartii Recordurilor, pe langa titlul de "cel mai vechi hotel din lume", Hoshi mai are o calitate inedita: este cea mai veche companie, ca perioada de functionare, din lume, dupa ce concurentul principal, Kongo Gumi, s-a inchis in 2006.



    O legenda veche japoneza incearca sa explice miracolul existentei de peste 1300 de ani a unei constructii umane, in spiritul intelepciunii japoneze. Se spune ca un mare invatat budist, Taicho Daishi, se afla pe un munte izolat, unde traia cufundat in mediatie. Intr-o noapte, zeitatea Hakusan i-a aparut in vis si i-a transmis ca la 20 de kilometri de baza muntelui se afla un sat numit Awazu. Acolo, va gasi un izvor termal fierbinte, care are puteri tamaduitoare.

    Hakusan ii avertizeaza ca oamenii satului nu sunt la curent cu existenta acestui izvor, insa daca il vor descoperi , acesta ii va servi pe vecie. Taicho a coborat de pe munte si i-a ajutat pe sateni sa scoata la lumina comoara pe care stateau. Bolnavii s-au imbaiat in acea apa si s-au vindecat imediat. Atunci, Taicho i-a ordonat discipolului sau, Garyo Houshi, sa construiasaca pe acel loc un spa pe care sa-l conduca mai departe, pentru ca toti bolnavii sa se bucure de puterea tamaduitoare a izvorului.




    Cel mai bun hotel din lume este Villa d’Este din Italia



    Se afla in apropierea lacului Como, are 140 de ani de istorie in spate si de-a lungului timpului a gazduit “armate” de duci, regi si regine, presedinti de stat, staruri de la Hollywood, scriitori, muzicieni si cantareti.

    Anul acesta, in topul celor mai bune 400 hoteluri de pe planeta, alcatuit de revista Forbes, primul loc a fost atribuit hotelului Villa d’Este din Cernobbio, inaintea (in ordinea numerelor “de pe tricou”) celebrelor Penin¬sula din Bangkok, Mandarin Oriental din Hong Kong, Four Seasons George V din Paris si Burj al Arab din Dubai. Juriul, alcatuit din personalitati din show-business, jurnalisti, scriitori, oameni de televiziune (toti frecventatori ai hotelurilor de lux), a ajuns in unanimitate la concluzia ca hotelul de 5 stele din Cernobbio le ofera pe toate: panorama, arhitectura, frumusete, servicii, istorie, spa, ba chiar si timp frumos in cea mai mare parte a anului.
    Construita in 1568, cladirea a fost transformata in hotel in 1873 si astazi dispune de 152 camere super-luxoase (pretul in sezon este de 900 euro pe noapte). Printre primii clienti ai Villa d’Este s-au numarat Giuseppe Verdi si Giacomo Puccini, iar in cartea de onoare a stabilimentului mai pot fi gasite nume precum Alfred Hitchcock, Leopold al Belgiei, Elizabeth Taylor, Frank Sinatra, Barbra Streisand, Madonna, Mick Jagger, Bruce Springsteen, John Kennedy, Gorbaciov, Churchill, Ava Gardner, sahul Persiei, Maria Callas si Onassis.


    Primul hotel spatial va fi inaugurat in 2012



    In ciuda criticilor cu privire finantarea investitiei si la termenul de finalizare, compania Galactic Suite e hotarata sa gazduiasca primii oaspeti ai hotelului spatial peste trei ani

    Un sejur de trei nopti la hotelul galactic va costa 3 milioane de euro, pretul incluzand si un stagiu de pregatire de 8 saptamani, pe o insula tropicala.

    In timpul sederii in hotelul orbital, oaspetii vor putea vedea de 15 ori rasaritul soarelui si vor face un ocol complet al Pamantului la fiecare 80 de minute.

    Pentru a se deplasa in conditiile lipsei der gravitatie, turistii vor purta costume prevazute cu "arici" (velcro), care le vor permite sa cutreiere prin hotel agatandu-se de pereti, ca Spiderman.

    Presedintele companiei Galactic Suite, cu sediul la Barcelona, Spania, a declarat ca un miliardar anonim, pasionat de explorari spatiale, a donat 3 miliarde USD pentru finantarea proiectului.

    Peste 200 de persoane si-au exprimat deja interesul de a petrece un week-end in hotelul cosmic - Galactic Suite Space Resort - si cel putin 40 de persoane au facut deja rezervari.


Similar Threads

  1. Top 10 Pack
    By helium in forum Mondenitati
    Replies: 91
    Last Post: 01-26-2016, 02:26 PM
  2. Pack Desene DVD ro
    By marga4433 in forum Torrents
    Replies: 12
    Last Post: 04-19-2010, 09:37 PM
  3. Art Pack
    By Dytzu in forum Fotografie si creatie
    Replies: 4
    Last Post: 10-09-2009, 11:43 AM
  4. News Pack [27.06.2009]
    By helium in forum Mondenitati
    Replies: 8
    Last Post: 06-28-2009, 01:41 AM
  5. News Pack
    By helium in forum Mondenitati
    Replies: 8
    Last Post: 01-30-2009, 10:00 PM

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •